Bartonella

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Bartonella
Bartonella.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
Phylum:
Class:
Alphaproteobacteria
Order:
Family:
Genus:
Bartonella

Strong et al. 1915

Bartonella is a genus of bacteria. It is the only one in the family Bartonellaceae. The species can be parasitic and cause diseases in animals and humans.[1] They live mostly in the cells of the host, as intracellular parasites.

Bartonella species are pathogens.[2] Bartonella species are transmitted by vectors such as ticks, fleas, sand flies, and mosquitoes. At least eight Bartonella species or subspecies are known to infect humans.[3]

Bartonella is named after Alberto Leonardo Barton (1870–1950), a medical microbiologist.

References[change | change source]

  1. George M. Garrity, Don J. Brenner, Noel R. Krieg, James T. Staley: Bergey's manual of systematic bacteriology. Vol. 2: The Proteobacteria Part C: The Alpha-, Beta-, Delta-, and Epsilonproteabacteria. Springer, New York 2005, ISBN 978-0-387-24145-6
  2. Walker DH (1996). Rickettsiae. In: Barron's Medical Microbiology (Barron S et al., eds.) (4th ed.). Univ of Texas Medical Branch. ISBN 0-9631172-1-1.
  3. Chomel BB, Boulouis HJ (2005). "Zoonoses dues aux bactéries du genre Bartonella: nouveaux réservoirs? nouveaux vecteurs?" (in French). Bull. Acad. Natl. Med. 189 (3): 465–77; discussion 477–80. PMID 16149211. http://www.academie-medecine.fr/wp-content/uploads/2013/03/2005.3.pdf.