Bartonella

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Bartonella
Bartonella.jpg
Scientific classification e
Domain: Bacteria
Phylum: Proteobacteria
Class: Alphaproteobacteria
Order: Rhizobiales
Family: Bartonellaceae
Gieszczykiewicz 1939
Genus: Bartonella
Strong et al. 1915
Species[1]
Synonyms[1]
  • Bartonia Strong et al. 1913
  • Grahamella (ex Brumpt 1911) Ristic and Kreier 1984
  • Rochalimaea (Macchiavello 1947) Krieg 1961

Bartonella is a genus of bacteria. It is the only one in the family Bartonellaceae. The species can be parasitic and cause diseases in animals and humans.[2] They live mostly in the cells of the host, as intracellular parasites.

Bartonella species are pathogens.[3] Bartonella species are transmitted by vectors such as ticks, fleas, sand flies, and mosquitoes. At least eight Bartonella species or subspecies are known to infect humans.[4]

Bartonella is named after Alberto Leonardo Barton (1870–1950), a medical microbiologist.

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "List of Prokaryotic Names with Standing in Nomenclature". Retrieved 28 March 2015.
  2. George M. Garrity, Don J. Brenner, Noel R. Krieg, James T. Staley: Bergey's manual of systematic bacteriology. Vol. 2: The Proteobacteria Part C: The Alpha-, Beta-, Delta-, and Epsilonproteabacteria. Springer, New York 2005, ISBN 978-0-387-24145-6
  3. Walker DH (1996). Rickettsiae. In: Barron's Medical Microbiology (Barron S et al., eds.) (4th ed.). Univ of Texas Medical Branch. ISBN 0-9631172-1-1.
  4. Chomel BB, Boulouis HJ (2005). "Zoonoses dues aux bactéries du genre Bartonella: nouveaux réservoirs? nouveaux vecteurs?" [Zoonotic diseases caused by bacteria of the genus Bartonella: new reservoirs? new vectors?] (PDF). Bull. Acad. Natl. Med. (in French). 189 (3): 465–77, discussion 477–80. PMID 16149211.