The cause is usually different from other types of cancer. The way to find out if a person has this cancer is also different. The treatment is usually drugs.
People with blood cancers see a kind of doctor called a hematologist (blood doctor) or oncologist (cancer doctor). There are other blood problems that are not blood cancers. A blood doctor also helps people with those problems.
Blood cancers are not common diseases.
Types[change | change source]
Blood cancer is caused by malignancy that attacks the blood, lymphatic system, or bone marrow. There are three types:
Finding out[change | change source]
A doctor will do some tests to find out if a person has a blood cancer. One common test is a complete blood count. This counts all of blood cells in a drop of blood. Another easy test is a blood film. It shows what shape the blood cells are.
Sometimes the doctor will take a very small piece of the body out, to look at it. This is called a biopsy. Bone marrow is where new blood is made in the body. A bone marrow biopsy looks at the blood-making parts to see if they have cancer.
Helping[change | change source]
Doctors try to kill blood cancers. People with blood cancer often take drugs called chemotherapy or immunotherapy. If the blood cancer is in one place, they may have radiotherapy. A bone marrow transplant is a difficult way to kill blood cancers.
How many people get it[change | change source]
Thousands of people get blood cancers. Each year, 30,000 people in the United Kingdom (UK) learn that they have blood cancer.
Lymphomas are more common than leukemias.
Notes[change | change source]
- "Choosing a Blood Cancer Specialist or Treatment Center"; retrieved 2012-6-13.