Breton language

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Native to France
Region Brittany
Native speakers 206,000  (2007)[1]
Language family
Writing system Latin script
Language codes
ISO 639-1 br
ISO 639-2 bre
ISO 639-3 Variously:
bre – Modern Breton
xbm – Middle Breton
obt – Old Breton
Linguist List xbm Middle Breton
  obt Old Breton

50-ABB-b (varieties:

50-ABB-ba to -be)
Road sign in two languages (in Kemper/Quimper)

Breton (Brezhoneg, in Breton) is a Celtic language spoken in Brittany, in the north-west of France. Breton is closely related to the Cornish language of Cornwall spoken in south-west Great Britain. It is less closely related to Welsh, and the Goidelic languages of Scotland, Ireland and the Isle of Man. The Breton language has approximately 240,000 speakers,[2]111 but this number is falling very quickly due to the French government's policy of using French. As such, Breton is considered to be an endangered language.

References[change | change source]

  1. Fañch Broudic, 2009. Parler breton au XXIe siècle – Le nouveau sondage de TMO-Régions. (including data from 2007: 172,000 speakers in Lower Brittany; slightly under 200,000 in whole Brittany; 206,000 including students in bilingual education)
  2. O'Reilly, Camille (2001). Language, Ethnicity and the State: Minority languages in the European Union, Volume 1. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 033392925X. Retrieved 31 March 2011.