Buxton from Solomon's Temple looking north
|Population||20,836 (2001 Census)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
Buxton is a spa town in Derbyshire, England. It is the highest market town in England. Buxton is near to Cheshire and Staffordshire. Buxton is described as "the gateway to the Peak District National Park". Buxton is also close to Manchester.
Poole's Cavern, a limestone cavern, and St Ann's Well are in Buxton. Also in the town is an Opera House.
History[change | change source]
The Romans developed the town when it was called Aquae Arnemetiae (or the spa of the goddess of the grove). Roman coins have been found in Buxton. The town largely grew in importance in the late 18th century when it was developed by the Dukes of Devonshire, with a second revival a hundred years later as the people visited to use the healing properties of the waters.
Dr. Erasmus Darwin recommended the waters at Buxton to Josiah Wedgwood. The Wedgwood family often went to Buxton on holiday. Two of Charles Darwin's half-cousins, Edward Levett Darwin and Reginald Darwin also settled there.
Notable architecture[change | change source]
- The Crescent (1780–1784) was based on Bath's Royal Crescent. The crescent has a grand assembly room with a painted ceiling.
- Buxton Opera House was designed in 1903 and is the highest in the country. It is attached to the Pavilion Gardens, Octagonal Hall and the smaller Paxton Theatre. The Pavilion Gardens are 23 acres of gardens.
Economy[change | change source]
Famous Buxtonians[change | change source]
- Vera Brittain (1893–1970): author of Testament of Youth and mother of Shirley Williams
- Tim Brooke-Taylor: comedy actor and one of The Goodies
- Dave Lee Travis: former BBC DJ
References[change | change source]
- Buxton - in pictures, BBC Radio Derby, accessed July 2009
- About Buxton Archived 2010-01-16 at the Wayback Machine, History of Buxton, accessed June 2009
- Darwin, Charles, Frederick Burkhardt and Sydney Smith. The Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1985 ISBN 0521255872