COVID-19 pandemic in mainland China

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COVID-19 pandemic in mainland China
COVID-19 attack rate in Mainland China.svg
Confirmed COVID-19 cases in mainland China per million inhabitants by province as of 13 April 2020[1]
  114.40 cases per 100,000 (Hubei)
  1.5–2.5 cases per 100,000
  1–1.5 cases per 100,000
  0.5–1 cases per 100,000
  >0–0.5 cases per 100,000
DiseaseCoronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)
Virus strainSevere acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)
LocationMainland China
First outbreakWuhan, Hubei[2]
Index case1 December 2019
(1 year, 6 months and 2 weeks ago)
Confirmed cases89,326[note 1][3]
Recovered82,870[3]
Deaths
4,636[3]

The COVID-19 pandemic started with a large number of unknown, possible pneumonia cases in the city of Wuhan, the capital of Hubei province, China. A Wuhan hospital told the local center for disease control and prevention (CDC) and health commissions on 27 December 2019.

The beginning[change | change source]

On 31 December, the Wuhan CDC told the media that there was a large number of unknown pneumonia cases related to Huanan Seafood Market.

The possible disease outbreak soon became known nationwide including that of the National Health Commission (NHC) in Beijing who sent experts to Wuhan on the following day. Chinese authorities notified the World Health Organisation on this same day.[4] On 8 January, a new coronavirus was identified as the cause of the pneumonia.[5]

Government response[change | change source]

Public and media criticized Chinese officials for a slow response to fight the outbreak when it first started.[6] By 29 January, the virus spread to all provinces of mainland China.[7][8][9] All provinces of mainland China began a large public health emergency.[10] The World Health Organization declared the outbreak a "Public Health Emergency of International Concern" on 31 January,[9] saying that there are reasons that it could spread to other countries, such as those without robust healthcare systems.[11][12] By 8 February, over 724 died from the coronavirus and 34,878 were confirmed to have been infected. In Hubei alone, there were 24,953 cases of infections and 699 related deaths.[13]

The Chinese government may have censored talks about the outbreak since the beginning of its spread.[14][15] On 25 January, Chinese Communist Party General Secretary Xi Jinping warned about a "grave situation" in China.[16][17]

The Chinese New Year celebrations were cancelled. Passengers across the country have been checked for their temperatures.[18]

By 29 January, all Hubei cities were quarantined.[19] Curfew laws were added in Huanggang, Wenzhou,[20] and other mainland cities.[21]

Shortages[change | change source]

In February 2020, the region also saw a huge shortage of face masks and other protective gear even though China called themselves the world's largest makers of these masks.[22] Other countries donated medical supplies to help China deal with the epidemic.[23][24][25]

Lowering numbers[change | change source]

On 25 February, the number of newly confirmed cases outside mainland China passed those from within for the first time.[26] By 6 March the reported number of new cases had dropped to well fewer than 100 nationally per day, down from thousands per day.

Origin[change | change source]

Many human coronaviruses have their origin in bats.[27] The human coronavirus NL63 shared a common ancestor with a bat coronavirus (ARCoV.2) between 1190 and 1449 AD.[28] The human coronavirus 229E shared a common ancestor with a bat coronavirus (GhanaGrp1 Bt CoV) between 1686 and 1800 AD.[29] More recently, alpaca coronavirus and human coronavirus 229E diverged sometime before 1960.[30]

MERS-CoV emerged in humans from bats through the intermediate host of camels.[31] MERS-CoV, although related to several bat coronavirus species, appears to have diverged from these several centuries ago.[32]

The most closely related bat coronavirus and SARS-CoV diverged in 1986.[33] The ancestors of SARS-CoV first infected leaf-nose bats; later, they spread to horseshoe bats, then to Asian palm civets, and finally to humans.[34][35]

Racism[change | change source]

Racism among Asians such as Chinese people grew during the pandemic such as criticisms of their markets, lifestyles and food choices.[36][37] Some rumors say that China made the virus in a lab.[38][39]

Notes[change | change source]

  1. Excluding 712 asymptomatic cases, 36 of which were imported, under medical observation as of 15 January 2021.[3] Asymptomatic cases were not reported prior to 31 March 2020.

References[change | change source]

  1. 新型肺炎疫情地圖 實時更新 [New pneumonia epidemic map updated in real time]. 163.com news (in Chinese). 29 January 2020. Archived from the original on 13 April 2020. Retrieved 2 February 2020.
  2. Sheikh, Knvul; Rabin, Roni Caryn (10 March 2020). "The Coronavirus: What Scientists Have Learned So Far". The New York Times. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 截至1月27日24时新型冠状病毒肺炎疫情最新情况 (in Chinese). National Health Commission. 28 January 2021. Retrieved 28 January 2021. 31个省(自治区、直辖市)和新疆生产建设兵团报告新增无症状感染者28例(境外输入9例);当日转为确诊病例11例(境外输入4例);当日解除医学观察20例(境外输入5例);尚在医学观察无症状感染者988例(境外输入288例)。[permanent dead link]
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