COVID-19 pandemic in mainland China

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COVID-19 pandemic in mainland China
COVID-19 attack rate in Mainland China.svg
Confirmed COVID-19 cases in mainland China per million inhabitants by province as of 13 April 2020[1]
     114.40 cases per 100,000 (Hubei)

     1.5–2.5 cases per 100,000      1–1.5 cases per 100,000      0.5–1 cases per 100,000

     >0–0.5 cases per 100,000
DiseaseCoronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)
Virus strainSevere acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)
LocationMainland China
First outbreakWuhan, Hubei[2]
Index case1 December 2019
(8 months and 3 days ago)
Confirmed cases82,929[note 1][3]
Active cases101
Recovered78,195[3]
Deaths
4,633[4][3]

The COVID-19 pandemic started with a large number of unknown, possible pneumonia cases in the city of Wuhan, the capital of Hubei province, China. A Wuhan hospital told the local center for disease control and prevention (CDC) and health commissions on 27 December 2019.

The beginning[change | change source]

On 31 December, the Wuhan CDC told the media that there was a large number of unknown pneumonia cases related to Huanan Seafood Market.

The possible disease outbreak soon became known nationwide including that of the National Health Commission (NHC) in Beijing who sent experts to Wuhan on the following day. Chinese authorities notified the World Health Organisation on this same day.[5] On 8 January, a new coronavirus was identified as the cause of the pneumonia.[6]

Government response[change | change source]

Public and media criticized Chinese officials for a slow response to fight the outbreak when it first started.[7] By 29 January, the virus spread to all provinces of mainland China.[8][9][10] All provinces of mainland China began a large public health emergency.[11] The World Health Organization declared the outbreak a "Public Health Emergency of International Concern" on 31 January,[10] saying that there are reasons that it could spread to other countries, such as those without robust healthcare systems.[12][13] By 8 February, over 724 died from the coronavirus and 34,878 were confirmed to have been infected. In Hubei alone, there were 24,953 cases of infections and 699 related deaths.[14]

The Chinese government may have censored talks about the outbreak since the beginning of its spread.[15][16] On 25 January, Chinese Communist Party General Secretary Xi Jinping warned about a "grave situation" in China.[17][18]

The Chinese New Year celebrations were cancelled. Passengers across the country have been checked for their temperatures.[19]

By 29 January, all Hubei cities were quarantined.[20] Curfew laws were added in Huanggang, Wenzhou,[21] and other mainland cities.[22]

Shortages[change | change source]

In February 2020, the region also saw a huge shortage of face masks and other protective gear even though China called themselves the world's largest makers of these masks.[23] Other countries donated medical supplies to help China deal with the epidemic.[24][25][26]

Lowering numbers[change | change source]

On 25 February, the number of newly confirmed cases outside mainland China passed those from within for the first time.[27] By 6 March the reported number of new cases had dropped to well fewer than 100 nationally per day, down from thousands per day.

Racism[change | change source]

Racism among Asians such as Chinese people grew during the pandemic such as criticisms of their markets, lifestyles and food choices.[28][29] Some rumors say that China made the virus in a lab.[30][31]

Notes[change | change source]

  1. Excluding 712 asymptomatic cases, 36 of which were imported, under medical observation as of 13 May 2020.[3] Asymptomatic cases were not reported prior to 31 March 2020.

References[change | change source]

  1. 新型肺炎疫情地圖 實時更新 [New pneumonia epidemic map updated in real time]. 163.com news (in Chinese). 29 January 2020. Archived from the original on 13 April 2020. Retrieved 2 February 2020.
  2. Sheikh, Knvul; Rabin, Roni Caryn (10 March 2020). "The Coronavirus: What Scientists Have Learned So Far". The New York Times. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 截至5月13日24时新型冠状病毒肺炎疫情最新情况 (in Chinese). National Health Commission. 14 May 2020. Retrieved 14 May 2020. 31个省(自治区、直辖市)和新疆生产建设兵团报告新增无症状感染者12例(境外输入1例);当日转为确诊病例1例(无境外输入);当日解除医学观察49例(境外输入2例);尚在医学观察无症状感染者712例(境外输入36例)。
  4. 湖北省武汉市新冠肺炎疫情数据订正情况 (in Chinese). National Health Commission. 2020-04-17. Retrieved 2020-04-17.[permanent dead link]
  5. "Pneumonia of unknown cause – China". WHO. WHO. Retrieved 12 May 2020.
  6. Khan, Natasha (9 January 2020). "New Virus Discovered by Chinese Scientists Investigating Pneumonia Outbreak". The Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Archived from the original on 2 February 2020. Retrieved 2 February 2020.
  7. Yuan, Li (28 January 2020). "Coronavirus Crisis Exposes Cracks in China's Facade of Unity". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on 29 January 2020. Retrieved 3 February 2020.
  8. 眾新聞 | 【武漢肺炎大爆發】西藏首宗確診 全國淪陷 內地確診累計7711宗 湖北黃岡疫情僅次武漢. 眾新聞 (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2 February 2020. Retrieved 2 February 2020.
  9. "Coronavirus Has Now Spread To All Regions Of mainland China". NPR. Archived from the original on 2 February 2020. Retrieved 2 February 2020.
  10. 10.0 10.1 "Coronavirus declared global health emergency". BBC News. 31 January 2020. Archived from the original on 30 January 2020. Retrieved 2 February 2020.
  11. 中国内地31省份全部启动突发公共卫生事件一级响应. Caixin. 29 January 2020. Archived from the original on 2 February 2020. Retrieved 2 February 2020.
  12. "IHR Emergency Committee on Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV)". www.who.int. WHO.
  13. "Coronavirus: WHO declare public health emergency". Medical News Today. Archived from the original on 2 February 2020. Retrieved 2 February 2020.
  14. "Tracking coronavirus: Map, data and timeline". Bnonews. n.d.
  15. Javier C. Hernández. "As China Cracks Down on Coronavirus Coverage, Journalists Fight Back - The New York Times". Nytimes.com. Retrieved 2020-04-06.
  16. "Coronavirus: Chinese app WeChat censored virus content since 1 Jan - BBC News". Bbc.com. Retrieved 2020-04-06.
  17. "CPC leadership meets to discuss novel coronavirus prevention, control". People's Daily. 25 January 2020. Archived from the original on 25 January 2020. Retrieved 26 January 2020. Xi Jinping, general secretary of the CPC Central Committee, chaired the meeting.
  18. "Xi says China faces 'grave situation' as virus death toll hits 42". Reuters. 26 January 2020. Archived from the original on 3 February 2020. Retrieved 2 February 2020.
  19. "China virus spread is accelerating, Xi warns". BBC News. 26 January 2020. Archived from the original on 2 February 2020. Retrieved 2 February 2020.
  20. 襄阳火车站关闭,湖北省最后一个地级市"封城". 国际金融报. 29 January 2020. Archived from the original on 2 February 2020. Retrieved 2 February 2020 – via The Paper.
  21. Yang, Danxu (杨丹旭) (2 February 2020). 中国确诊及死亡病例创单日新高 黄冈恐成"第二个武汉". Zaobao (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2 February 2020. Retrieved 2 February 2020.
  22. 温州之后,杭州台州宁波多地实施最严禁令. 川报观察 (in Chinese). 3 February 2020. Retrieved 3 February 2020.
  23. Safi (now), Michael; Rourke (earlier), Alison; Greenfield, Patrick; Giuffrida, Angela; Kollewe, Julia; Oltermann, Philip (3 February 2020). "China issues 'urgent' appeal for protective medical equipment – as it happened". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Archived from the original on 4 February 2020. Retrieved 4 February 2020.
  24. "Equatorial Guinea donates $2m to China to help combat coronavirus". Africanews.
  25. "Feature: Japan offers warm support to China in battle against virus outbreak - Xinhua". Xinhuanet.com. 2020-02-13. Retrieved 2020-04-11.
  26. "China's Xi Writes Thank-You Letter to Bill Gates for Virus Help". Bloomberg. 2020-02-21. Retrieved 2020-04-11.
  27. "WHO Director-General's opening remarks at the mission briefing on COVID-19 – 26 February 2020". World Health Organization. 26 February 2020.
  28. Wuhan coronavirus reaches India as countries evacuate citizens from China, retrieved 10 February 2020
  29. Dazed (6 February 2020). "Life under lockdown: Young people in Wuhan tell their coronavirus stories". Dazed. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  30. 关于新型冠状病毒肺炎 这九大谣言别"中招". Beijing News (in Chinese). n.d. Archived from the original on 1 February 2020. Retrieved 2 February 2020.
  31. 聚焦 | 关于新型冠状病毒感染的肺炎疫情的最新辟谣! (in Chinese). Xinhua News Agency. n.d. Archived from the original on 2 February 2020. Retrieved 2 February 2020.