Charles Bukowski

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Charles Bukowski
Charles Bukowski in 1988
Born Heinrich Karl Bukowski
(1920-08-16)August 16, 1920
Andernach, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany
Died March 9, 1994(1994-03-09) (aged 73)
San Pedro, Los Angeles, U.S.
Occupation Novelist, poet, short story writer, columnist
Nationality German-American
Literary movement Dirty realism,[1][2] Transgressive fiction[3]


Henry Charles Bukowski (born Heinrich Karl Bukowski; August 16, 1920 – March 9, 1994) was a German-American poet, novelist, and short story writer.

His writing was influenced by the social, cultural, and economic ambience of his home city of Los Angeles.[6] His work addresses the ordinary lives of poor Americans, the act of writing, alcohol, relationships with women, and the drudgery of work. He died of leukemia.

References[change | change source]

  1. Dobozy, Tamas (2001). "In the Country of Contradiction the Hypocrite is King: Defining Dirty Realism in Charles Bukowski's Factotum". Modern Fiction Studies 47: 43–68. doi:10.1353/mfs.2001.0002.
  2. "Charles Bukowski (criticism)". Enotes.com. http://www.enotes.com/short-story-criticism/bukowski-charles. Retrieved 2014-07-17.
  3. http://www.dalkeyarchive.com/catalog/show_comment/362Template:Full
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Hemmingson, Michael (October 9, 2008). The Dirty Realism Duo: Charles Bukowski & Raymond Carver. Borgo Press. pp. 70, 71. ISBN 1-4344-0257-6.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 Charlson, David (July 6, 2006). Charles Bukowski: Autobiographer, Gender Critic, Iconoclast. Trafford Publishing. p. 30. ISBN 1-4120-5966-6.
  6. "Bukowski, Charles". Columbia University Press.

Other websites[change | change source]