Charles Thomson Rees Wilson

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Charles Thomson Rees Wilson
Charles Thomson Rees Wilson

(1869-02-14)14 February 1869
Died15 November 1959(1959-11-15) (aged 90)
Alma materUniversity of Manchester
University of Cambridge
Known forCloud chamber
AwardsHoward N. Potts Medal (1925)
Nobel Prize in Physics 1927
Franklin Medal 1929
Scientific career
InstitutionsUniversity of Cambridge
Academic advisorsJ. J. Thomson
Doctoral studentsCecil Frank Powell

Charles Thomson Rees Wilson (February 14, 1869November 15, 1959) was a Scottish physicist and meteorologist. His invention of the cloud chamber made him win the 1927 Nobel Prize in Physics.

Biography[change | change source]

Wilson was born to John Wilson and Annie Clerk Harper in the parish of Glencorse, Midlothian. After his father's death in 1873, his family moved to Manchester. He studied biology at Owen's College to become a doctor. He then joined Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge to study Physics and Chemistry.

Wilson later became interested in meteorology, and in 1893 he began to study clouds and their properties. He worked at the observatory on Ben Nevis mountain to observe cloud formation. He then tried to replicate this effect at smaller scale in his laboratory in Cambridge, by causing moist air to expand in a sealed container. He then experimented with creating cloud trails in containers by ions and radiation. He was awarded the 1927 Nobel Prize in Physics for his invention of the cloud chamber.

Personal life[change | change source]

Wilson married Jessie Fraser in 1908. They had four children. He died on November 15, 1959 near Edinburgh.

Awards and Honors[change | change source]

Other websites[change | change source]