Chelsea Manning

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Chelsea Manning
Chelsea Manning on 18 May 2017.jpg
Chelsea Manning in May 2017
Born December 17, 1987 (1987-12-17) (age 29)
Crescent, Oklahoma, U.S.
Service/branch Flag of the United States Army.gif United States Army
Years of service 2007–present
Rank Private[1]
Convictions Violating the Espionage Act, stealing government property, violation of the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act, multiple counts of disobeying orders[2][3][4][5]
Sentence 35 years, dishonorable discharge, loss of rank[1]
Military awards National Defense Service Medal
Iraq Campaign Medal
Global War on Terrorism Service Medal
Army Service Ribbon
Overseas Service Ribbon
Parents Brian Manning
Susan Fox

Chelsea Elizabeth Manning,[6][7] (born Bradley Edward Manning; December 17, 1987) is a United States Army soldier who was diagnosed with gender identity disorder while in the Army.[8] After she leaked secret government files to WikiLeaks in 2011, readers of The Guardian chose her as 2012's person of the year.[9] On 21 August 2013 she was sentenced to 35 years in prison.[10] However, on 17 May 2017, Manning was released early by order of President Barack Obama on 17 January 2017.[11]

Early life[change | change source]

Manning was born in Crescent, Oklahoma.

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Tate, Julie. "Judge sentences Bradley Manning to 35 years", The Washington Post, 21 August 2013.
  2. Tate, Julie and Londono, Ernesto. "Bradley Manning found not guilty of aiding the enemy, convicted on other charges", The Washington Post, 30 July 2013.
  3. Londono, Ernesto; Rolfe, Rebecca; and Tate, Julie. "Verdict in Bradley Manning case", The Washington Post, 30 July 2013.
  4. Savage, Charlie. "Manning Acquitted of Aiding the Enemy", The New York Times, 30 July 2013.
  5. Pilkington, Ed. "Bradley Manning verdict: cleared of 'aiding the enemy' but guilty of other charges", The Guardian, 31 July 2013: "the soldier was found guilty in their entirety of 17 out of the 22 counts against him, and of an amended version of four others."
  6. "'I am Chelsea': Read Manning's full statement". today.com. 22 August 2013. http://www.today.com/news/i-am-chelsea-read-mannings-full-statement-6C10974052. "As I transition into this next phase of my life, I want everyone to know the real me. I am Chelsea Manning. I am a female. Given the way that I feel, and have felt since childhood, I want to begin hormone therapy as soon as possible. I hope that you will support me in this transition. I also request that, starting today, you refer to me by my new name and use the feminine pronoun (except in official mail to the confinement facility). I look forward to receiving letters from supporters and having the opportunity to write back."
  7. Stamp, Scott (22 August 2013). "Bradley Manning: I want to live as a woman". today.com. http://www.today.com/news/bradley-manning-i-want-live-woman-6C10974915.
  8. http://www.msnbc.com/melissa-harris-perry/i-am-chelsea-manning
  9. https://www.theguardian.com/world/blog/2012/dec/10/bradley-manning-guardian-person-of-the-year-2012
  10. http://abcnews.go.com/Politics/bradley-manning-sentenced-35-years-leaking-secrets/story?id=20021288
  11. Shubailai, Nadine (17 May 2017). "Chelsea Manning released: The past 'is only my starting point, not my final destination'". ABC News. 
Bradley Manning in 2012