Chelsea Manning

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Chelsea Manning
Chelsea Manning in May 2017
Born (1987-12-17) December 17, 1987 (age 36)
Crescent, Oklahoma, U.S.
Service/branch United States Army
Years of service2007–present
ConvictionsViolating the Espionage Act, stealing government property, violation of the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act, multiple counts of disobeying orders[2][3][4][5]
Sentence35 years, dishonorable discharge, loss of rank[1]
Military awardsNational Defense Service Medal
Iraq Campaign Medal
Global War on Terrorism Service Medal
Army Service Ribbon
Overseas Service Ribbon
ParentsBrian Manning
Susan Fox

Chelsea Elizabeth Manning,[6][7] (born Bradley Edward Manning; December 17, 1987) is a United States Army soldier who was diagnosed with gender identity disorder while in the Army.[8] After Adrian Lamo exposed Manning leaking secret government files to WikiLeaks in 2011, readers of The Guardian chose her as 2012's person of the year.[9]

On 21 August 2013 Manning was sentenced to 35 years in prison,[10] but was released on 17 May 2017 by order of President Barack Obama on 17 January 2017.[11]

On January 11, 2018, she announced plans to run for the U.S. Senate in Maryland to challenge the state's senior senator, two-term incumbent Ben Cardin, as a Democrat in the June 26, 2018 primary election.[12] She lost the primary election to Cardin.

On March 8, 2019, she was held in contempt of court by a United States District Court judge for refusing to testify to a federal grand jury investigating WikiLeaks and except for a brief period of release between May 9 and May 16 has been jailed continuously.

On March 11, 2020, she tried to commit suicide in the federal detention center in Alexandria, Virginia.[13][14][15]

Early life[change | change source]

Manning was born in Crescent, Oklahoma.

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Tate, Julie. "Judge sentences Bradley Manning to 35 years"[permanent dead link], The Washington Post, 21 August 2013.
  2. Tate, Julie and Londono, Ernesto. "Bradley Manning found not guilty of aiding the enemy, convicted on other charges", The Washington Post, 30 July 2013.
  3. Londono, Ernesto; Rolfe, Rebecca; and Tate, Julie. "Verdict in Bradley Manning case", The Washington Post, 30 July 2013.
  4. Savage, Charlie. "Manning Acquitted of Aiding the Enemy", The New York Times, 30 July 2013.
  5. Pilkington, Ed. "Bradley Manning verdict: cleared of 'aiding the enemy' but guilty of other charges", The Guardian, 31 July 2013: "the soldier was found guilty in their entirety of 17 out of the 22 counts against him, and of an amended version of four others."
  6. "'I am Chelsea': Read Manning's full statement". 22 August 2013. As I transition into this next phase of my life, I want everyone to know the real me. I am Chelsea Manning. I am a female. Given the way that I feel, and have felt since childhood, I want to begin hormone therapy as soon as possible. I hope that you will support me in this transition. I also request that, starting today, you refer to me by my new name and use the feminine pronoun (except in official mail to the confinement facility). I look forward to receiving letters from supporters and having the opportunity to write back.
  7. Stamp, Scott (22 August 2013). "Bradley Manning: I want to live as a woman".
  8. "'I am Chelsea Manning'". MSNBC. 22 August 2013.
  9. Staff, Guardian (10 December 2012). "Guardian person of the year: Voters choose Bradley Manning" – via
  10. "Bradley Manning Sentenced to 35 Years for Leaking Secrets". ABC News.
  11. Shubailai, Nadine (17 May 2017). "Chelsea Manning released: The past 'is only my starting point, not my final destination'". ABC News.
  12. "Chelsea Manning files for US Senate bid in Maryland". Associated Press. January 14, 2018. Manning is yet to file for the primary with the state elections board, which Manning must do in person by Feb. 27.
  13. Cameron, Dell (March 11, 2020). "Chelsea Manning Attempted Suicide in Jail on Wednesday, Lawyers Say". Gizmodo. Retrieved March 11, 2020.
  14. "Statement From Chelsea Manning's Legal Team: Ms. Manning is Recovering in Hospital, Scheduled to Appear in Court Friday". The Sparrow Project. March 11, 2020. Retrieved March 11, 2020.
  15. "Lawyer: Chelsea Manning attempts suicide in Va. jail". Associated Press. March 11, 2020. Retrieved March 11, 2020.