Cherkasy

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Cherkasy
Черкаси

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Coat of arms
Map of Ukraine with Cherkasy highlighted.
Coordinates: 49°26′0″N 32°4′0″E / 49.433333°N 32.066667°E / 49.433333; 32.066667Coordinates: 49°26′0″N 32°4′0″E / 49.433333°N 32.066667°E / 49.433333; 32.066667
Country
Oblast
Raion
Ukraine
Cherkasy Oblast
Cherkasky Raion
First mentioned 1286
Government
 • Mayor Serhiy Olehovych Odarych
Area
 • Total 78 km2 (30 sq mi)
Elevation 94 m (308 ft)
Population (06-01-2010)
 • Total 285 526
Postal code 18000-499
Area code(s) +380 472
Sister cities Bydgoszcz, Santa Rosa

Cherkasy (Ukrainian: Черкаси, transliterated: Čerkasy) is a city in central Ukraine. It is the capital of the Cherkasy Oblast (province), as well as the administrative center of the surrounding Cherkasky Raion (district) within the oblast.

Central square of the city, in front of Oblast (province) Administration

The city is cultural, educational and industrial center of Cherkasy Oblast and Central Economical Region of Ukraine. Cherkasy is famous since 13th century and played a great role in history of Ukraine. Cherkasy was the center of Cossacks, citizens took part in Khmelnychchyna and Koliyivschyna (cossacks and peasants rebellions).

The city is on the right bank of Dnieper River (specifically at the Kremenchuk Reservoir), about 200 km (124 mi) south of the nation's capital, Kiev. The city is divided into 2 parts (raions) - Sosnivskiy (with Orshanets village) and Pridniprovskiy. The current population of Cherkasy is 285,526 (as of 2010).