Child labour in India

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Child labour in India and rest of the world, during 2003 in 10-14 age group, per World Bank.[1] India with estimated 11%, is in green with 10-20% incidence levels, along with countries in red (30-40%) and black (>40%).

Child labour in India is when Indian children work for money, on a part or full-time basis....

The practice deprives children of their childhood, and is harmful to their physical and mental development. Various things lead to children working. Poverty, lack of good schools and informal work places may be blamed.[2][3]

The 1998 national census of India estimated the total number of child labour, aged 4–15, to be at 12.6 million, out of a total child population of 253 million in 5-14 age group.[4][5] The 2011 national census of India found the total number of child labour, aged 5–14, to be at 4.35 million,[6] and the total child population to be 259.64 million in that age group.[7]

The child labour problem is not unique to India; worldwide, about 217 million children work, many full-time.[8]

References[change | change source]

  1. Table 2.8, WDI 2005, The World Bank
  2. "Child labor - causes". ILO, United Nations. 2008
  3. Mario Biggeri and Santosh Mehrotra 2007. Asian informal workers: global risks, local protection. Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-38275-5
  4. "National Child Labour project". Ministry of Labour and Employment, Government of India. Retrieved 12 September 2011.
  5. Age Structure And Marital Status India Census 2001
  6. Number of child labour has reduced by 65 percent: Govt
  7. Age Data C13 Table (India/States/UTs ), Final Population - 2011 Census of India
  8. "Child Labour - ILO". ILO, United Nations. 2011.