Chipko Movement

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The Chipko movement or Chipko Andolan is a Social movement that practiced the methods of satyagraha and non-violent resistance.This is mainly done through the act of hugging trees to protect them from being cut down.The first Chipko action took place in the village of Mandal in the Alaknanda Valley and over the next five years spread to many districts of the Himalayas in Uttar Pradesh. This was first started by Amrita Devi while protesting against a King's men to cut the tree.The modern Chipko movement began in the early 1970s in the Garhwal Division Himalayas of Uttarakhand. It spread to Uttar Pradesh with a growing awareness of rapid deforestation.The landmark event in this struggle took place on March,26,1974.This is when a group of peasant women in Reni village, Hemwalghati,in Chamoli district,Uttarakhand,India, acted to prevent the cutting of trees by the General contractor assigned by the state Forest Department. Their actions inspired hundreds of such actions at the grassroots level throughout the region. By the 1980s the movement had spread throughout India.This led to the formulation of people-sensitive forest policy, which put a stop to the Clearcutting|open felling of trees in regions as far as a Vindhya Range|Vindhyas and the Western Ghats.This movement was further led by Chnadani Prasad Bhatt and Sunderlal Bahuguna. The main aim of this movement was to protect the trees of the forests from being cut.It was basically a forest Conservation movement. [1]

References[change | change source]

  1. The women of Chipko Staying alive: women, ecology, and development, by Vandana Shiva, Published by Zed Books, 1988. ISBN 0-86232-823-3. Page 67.