Classical Latin

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Classical Latin
Rome Colosseum inscription 2.jpg
Latin inscription in the Colosseum
Native to Roman Republic, Roman Empire
Region mare nostrum (Mediterranean)
Era 75 BC to the 3rd century AD, when it developed into Late Latin
Language family
Early forms:
Old Latin
  • Classical Latin
Writing system Classical Latin alphabet 
Official status
Official language in Roman Republic, Roman Empire
Regulated by Schools of grammar and rhetoric
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Linguist List lat-cla
Linguasphere 51-AAB-aaa
The range of Latin, 60 AD

Classical Latin is the form of the Latin language used by the ancient Romans and was the language used in official Roman record-keeping, the Roman military, and Latin literature. Its use helped the Golden Age of Latin literature during the 1st century BC and the early 1st century AD.

Classical Latin is a dead language, as is Vulgar Latin, the common speech of citizens in the Roman Empire. It is not spoken as a first language anymore. However, it is still spoken by church officials in the Vatican, where it is the official language.