Coat of arms of Austria

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Coat of arms of Austria
Austria Bundesadler.svg
Austria Bundesadler 1919-1934.svg
First Republic, 1919–1934
Österreich-Wappen (1934-1938).svg
Federal State ("Corporate" State) 1934–1938
ArmigerRepublic of Austria
CrestA mural crown Or
EscutcheonGules, a fess argent (arms of the Duchy of Austria, flag of Austria)
SupportersAn eagle sable gambed Or displayed
Other elementsThe eagle bears a sickle Or in dexter talon and a hammer Or in sinister talon. The gambs also bear broken iron chains.
Earlier versionsAs current version but without broken chains (1919–1934), Imperial-style double headed eagle (1934–1938)

The current coat of arms of Austria has been in use by the Republic of Austria since 1919. Between 1934 and the 1938 Austria used a different coat of arms. It had a double-headed eagle. In 1945 the original coat of arms returned, with broken chains added to show Austria's freedom.

Symbolism[change | change source]

The symbols and emblems used in the Austrian arms are as follows:

  • The Eagle: Austria's freedom (introduced 1919)
  • The escutcheon Emblem of Austria (late Middle Ages, reintroduced 1915)
  • The mural crown: The middle class (introduced 1919)
  • The sickle: Agriculture (introduced 1919)
  • The Hammer: Industry (introduced 1919)
  • The broken chains: Freedom from National Socialist dictatorship (added 1945)