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Conjunctions are words which join phrases, clauses and sentences.[1]

Conjunctions have three basic forms which are shown in the table below.[2]

Form Words Sentences
Single Word and, but, because, although, or, so, for, etc. Do you want chips or cake?
Compound provided that, as long as, in order that/to, etc. You need to exercise in order to lose weight.
Correlative[3][4] both/and, either/or, neither/nor, if/then, not/but, not only/but also Either Monday or Tuesday is fine.

Not only should you eat fruit, but also vegetables.

Conjunctions also have two functions, as shown below.[1][2]

Type Function Position Example Sentences
Coordinating conjunctions Join equal (independent) parts of a sentence. Always come between the words/clauses that they join. Jack and Jill went up the hill.

The water was warm, but I didn't go swimming.

Subordinating conjunctions Join subordinate clauses to main clauses. Usually come at the beginning of subordinate clauses. I went swimming although it was cold.

Although some people say it's not correct to use conjunctions at the beginning of a sentences, many famous writers do so.[1][2]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Conjunctions". Oxford Dictionaries. Retrieved 27 March 2014.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Conjunctions". English Club. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
  3. "Coordinating Conjunctions and Correlative Conjunctions". Talk English. Retrieved 29 March 2014.[permanent dead link]
  4. Richard Nordquist. "correlative conjunction". About. Retrieved 29 March 2014.

5.Definition of Conjunctions, Examples and Practice Sets