Corrective rape (sometimes called curative rape) is a hate crime where a person is raped, because of their perceived sexual orientation. People claim to be able to "cure" homosexuals by raping them. Additionally, studies relying on convenience samples can result in higher rates of abuse, which have limited validity describing rates of abuse in the wider population. The people raping say that they can "correct" their orientation, to turn them heterosexual, or to make them "act" more in conformity with gender stereotypes. The term was coined in South Africa after well-known cases of corrective rapes of lesbians like Eudy Simelane and Zoliswa Nkonyana became public. There are many health problems associated with corrective rape, and although some countries have laws protecting LGBT people, corrective rape is often overlooked.
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- ↑ United Nations (2015). "UNAIDS 2015 Terminology Guidelines" (PDF). UNAIDS.org. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 January 2019. Retrieved 21 November 2015.
- ↑ Smith, Raymond A., ed. (2010). Global HIV/AIDS Politics, Policy, and Activism: Persistent Challenges and Emerging Issues: Persistent Challenges and Emerging Issues. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO. p. 49. ISBN 9780313399466. Retrieved 8 September 2018.
- ↑ Friedman MS, Marshal MP, Guadamuz TE, Wei C, Wong CF, Saewyc E, Stall R (August 2011). "A meta-analysis of disparities in childhood sexual abuse, parental physical abuse, and peer victimization among sexual minority and sexual nonminority individuals". American Journal of Public Health. 101 (8): 1481–94. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2009.190009. PMC 3134495. PMID 21680921.
- ↑ Bartle, EE (2000). "Lesbians And Hate Crimes". Journal of Poverty. 4 (4): 23–44. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.196.9177. doi:10.1300/J134v04n04_02. S2CID 144939243.
- ↑ Hawthorne, Susan. "Ancient Hatred And Its Contemporary Manifestation: The Torture Of Lesbians." Journal Of Hate Studies 4.1 (2005): 33–58. Academic Search Complete.
- ↑ Di Silvio, Lorenzo. "Correcting Corrective Rape: Carmichele and Developing South Africa’s Affirmative Obligations To Prevent Violence Against Women." Georgetown Law Journal 99 (2011): 1469–515.