Croix de Guerre
|Croix de guerre or Oorlogskruis|
|Awarded by France and Belgium|
|Eligibility||Military personnel only|
|Awarded for||individuals who distinguish themselves by acts of heroism in combat with enemy forces.|
|Campaign(s)||World War I|
World War II
Other wars not fought on French soil
|Description||A bronze cross with swords|
|Established||April 2, 1915|
Croix de guerre 1914-1918 & 1939-1945 ribbons with palm
It was first created in 1915 in both countries. It consists of a square-cross medal on two crossed swords, hanging from a ribbon with various degree pins. The decoration was awarded during World War I, again in World War II, and in other conflicts. The Croix de guerre was also often awarded to foreign military forces allied to France and Belgium.
The Croix de guerre may be given to a unit or to individuals who for acts of heroism involving combat with enemy forces. The medal is also awarded to those who have been "mentioned in despatches". This means a heroic deed was performed meriting a citation from an individual's headquarters unit. The unit award of the Croix de guerre was issued to military commanders who performed heroic deeds in combat and were subsequently recognized by headquarters.