Cutter (boat)

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A gaff cutter, Kleine Freiheit, with a genoa jib set

A cutter is typically a small, but in some cases a medium-sized, watercraft designed for speed rather than for capacity.[1][2] Traditionally a cutter is a smaller sailing ship with a single mast.[3] It is fore-and-aft rigged, with two or more headsails and often has a bowsprit.[3] The cutter's mast may be set farther back than on a sloop.[4]

In modern usage, a cutter can be either a small- or medium-sized ship whose occupants exercise official authority. Examples are harbor pilots' cutters and cutters of the U.S. Coast Guard[5] or UK Border Force.

Cutters can also be a small boat serving a larger one to ferry passengers or light cargo between larger ships and the shore. This type of cutter may be powered by oars, sails or a motor.

References[change | change source]

  1. Bennett, Jenny; Laszlo, Veres (2005). Sailing Rigs: An Illustrated Guide. Naval Institute Press. p. 55. ISBN 978-1-59114-813-5. 
  2. "Cutter". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2014-12-13. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 Richard Jordan (January 13, 201). "Sailboat Rig Types: Sloop, Cutter, Ketch, Yawl, Schooner, Cat". Jordan Yacht and Ship Company. Retrieved December 25, 2016.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  4. Kemp, Peter, ed. (1976). The Oxford Companion to Ships & the Sea. London: Oxford University Press. pp. 221–222. a small, decked ship with one mast and bowsprit, with a gaff mainsail on a boom, a square yard and topsail, and two jibs or a jib and a staysail. 
  5. "U.S. Coast Guard History: Frequently Asked Questions: What is a Cutter?". U.S. Coast Guard. 2008-12-09. Retrieved 2009-04-10.