Daigaku-ryō

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Daigaku-ryō was at the northern end of the broad avenue which is at the center of this model of ancient Heian-kyō

Daigaku-ryō (大学寮) was the Imperial university of Japan from the 7th century until the end of the 19th century.[1]

For five centuries, the Daigaku-ryō was near the Suzaku Mon at southern boundary of the Imperial enclosure.

History[change | change source]

In 701, the Daigaku-ryō became part of the Ministry of the Civil Services (式部省,, Shikibu-shō).[2]

Prince Yamabe was head of the Daigaku-ryō in 766 (Tenpyō-jingo 2).[3]

On May 27, 1177 (Angen 3, 28th day, 4th month), a fire destroyed the building of the Daigaku-ryō.[4]

Organization[change | change source]

The director (大学頭, Daigaku-no-kami) was responsible for the examination of students and for festivals which honor Confucius.[5]

Other members of the staff of Daigaku-ryō' included:

  • Chief experts on the history of Japan and China (紀伝博士,, Kiden hakase).[6]
  • Chief experts on classical Chinese works (明経博士,, Myōgyō hakase).[6]
  • Chief experts on laws of Japan and China (明法博士,, Myōbō hakase).[6]
  • Chief experts on mathematics (算博士,, San hakase).[6]
  • Instructors of Japanese and Chinese literature (直講,, Chok'kō) -- two positions.[6]
  • Instructors in pronunciation of words (音博士,, On hakase) -- two positions.[6]
  • Instructors in calligraphy (書博士,, Sho hakase) -- two positions.[6]

References[change | change source]

  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Daigaku-ryō" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 138.
  2. Ministry of Civil Administration, Sheffield; retrieved 2012-2-16.
  3. Goethem, Ellen Van. (2008). Nagaoka: Japan's Forgotten Capital, p. 21 n45; Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1956). Kyoto: The Old Capital of Japan, 794–1869, p. 100.
  4. Minakata Kumagusu and F. Victor Dickens. (1905). "A Japanese Thoreau of the Twelfth Century," Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland, p. 238.
  5. Sansom, George Bailey. (1932). "Early Japanese Law and Administration," Transactions of the Asiatic Society of Japan, p. 83.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, p. 428.