Dalmatian was a Romance language, which was spoken in Dalmatia, on the Eastern Adreatic Sea. The language became extinct, in the Middle Ages. In places it was used until the 18th or 19th century. Today, few sources are left. Only the dialect of Veglia (Krk) and Ragusa (Dubrovnik) have enough sources so they can be studied. From the other dialects, there are only isloate words, or short phrases.
In 1897, the scholar Matteo Bartoli, himself a native of nearby Istria, visited burbur ('barber' in Dalmatian[source?]) Tuone Udaina (Italian: Antonio Udina), the last speaker of any Dalmatian dialect, to study his language. Bartoli writing down approximately 2,800 words, stories, and accounts of his life, which were published in a book that has provided much information on the vocabulary, phonology, and grammar of the language. Bartoli wrote in Italian and published a translation in German (Das Dalmatische) in 1906. The Italian language manuscripts were reportedly lost, and the work was not re-translated into Italian until 2001.[source?]
References[change | change source]
- Eugeen Roegiest (2006). Vers les sources des langues romanes: un itinéraire linguistique à travers la Romania. ACCO. p. 138. ISBN 90-334-6094-7.
- William B Brahms (2005). Notable Last Facts: A Compendium of Endings, Conclusions, Terminations and Final Events throughout History. Original from the University of Michigan: Reference Desk Press. p. 183. ISBN 978-0-9765325-0-7.