Derwent Water

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
LocationLake District
Coordinates54°35′N 3°09′W / 54.583°N 3.150°W / 54.583; -3.150Coordinates: 54°35′N 3°09′W / 54.583°N 3.150°W / 54.583; -3.150
Primary inflowsRiver Derwent, Watendlath Beck, Brockle Beck
Primary outflowsRiver Derwent
Basin countriesEngland
Max. length4.6 kilometres (2.9 mi)[1]
Max. width1.91 kilometres (1.19 mi)[1]
Surface area2 sq mi (5.2 km2)
Average depth5.5 m (18 ft)[1]
Max. depth22 m (72 ft)[1]
Water volume29 x 106[1]
Residence time55 days[1]
Shore length19.6 mi (15.4 km)
Surface elevation75 metres (246 ft)
Islands4 plus 9 small (13)
1 Shore length is not a well-defined measure.

Derwent Water or Derwentwater is one of the main lakes in the Lake District National Park in north west England. It is in the Borough of Allerdale in the county of Cumbria.

The lake lies immediately south of the town of Keswick. It is both fed and drained by the River Derwent. It is about 3 miles (4.8 km) long by 1 mile (1.6 km) wide and is some 72 feet (22 m) deep. There are several islands in the lake, one of which is inhabited. Derwent Island House, an 18th-century residence, is a tenanted National Trust property open to the public on five days each year.

Derwentwater is very scenic. It is surrounded by hills (known locally as fells), and many of the slopes facing Derwentwater are wooded. A regular passenger launch operates on the lake, taking passengers between various landing stages. There are seven lakeside marinas, the most popular stops being: Keswick, Portinscale and the Lodore Falls, from which boats may be hired. Recreational walking is a major tourist activity in the area and there is a network of footpaths in the hills and woods surrounding the lake.

The Keswick—Borrowdale road runs along the eastern shore of the lake and carries a regular bus service. There is a lesser road along the western shore connecting the villages of Grange and Portinscale.

Derwentwater gave its name to the Earldom of Derwentwater.

The lake is believed to be the last remaining native habitat of the vendace (Coregonus vandesius) fish.[2]


References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 McNamara, Jane, Table of lake facts, Environment Agency of England and Wales, archived from the original on 2009-06-28, retrieved 2007-11-13
  2. "Ice Age fish thrives in new home". BBC News. 2008-02-27. Retrieved 2010-05-01.