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Temporal range: Oligocene to Recent
Jaculus orientalis Stuffed specimen 2.jpg
Jaculus orientalis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Class: Mammalia
Order: Rodentia
Suborder: Myomorpha
Family: Dipodidae

The Dipodidae are a family of small to medium-sized rodents living in the northern hemisphere. The family has over 50 species in 16 genera.

They include the jerboas, jumping mice, and birch mice. Different species are found in grassland, deserts, and forests. They are all capable of saltation, which is jumping from a bipedal stance. This feature is most highly evolved in the desert-dwelling jerboas. Their movement resembles that of kangaroos more than that of true mice.

Most species are nocturnal, and the eyes and ears are noticeably larger than usual in proportion to the body.