From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Distraction is the process of trying to change or get the attention of an individual or group from one area to another.

This is done so that people can move from one place to another without the target noticing the person. Distraction in humans is caused by: the lack of ability to pay attention; lack of interest in the object of attention; or the great intensity, novelty or attractiveness of something other than the object of attention.[1]

A hoverfly, with the stripes of a wasp

Any behaviour which is human has its origin in the deep past. One principle is that animals adapt to regular features of their environment. So most animals learn their environment in detail. This reduces the chance of their being surprised. A standard observation is that a predator moves when its target is distracted. Behaviours related to this are strongly inherited. When discovery is almost certain, prey may drop body parts (for example, their tail), play possum (play dead) or just run away.[2] Some lizard tails are programmed to wriggle a bit when they are dropped.

References[change | change source]

  1. Post, Sean; Schumm, Jeanne Shay (1997). Executive Learning: Successful Strategies for College Reading and Studying. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
  2. Brower L.P. 1988. Mimicry and the evolutionary process. Chicago.