Eastern gorilla

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Eastern gorilla[1]
Enter the silverback (8155790563).jpg
Mountain gorillas (8209001529).jpg
Female with infant
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Suborder: Haplorhini
Infraorder: Simiiformes
Family: Hominidae
Subfamily: Homininae
Genus: Gorilla
G. beringei
Binomial name
Gorilla beringei
Matschie, 1903

G. b. beringei
G. b. graueri

Eastern Gorilla area.png
Eastern gorilla range

The eastern gorilla (Gorilla beringei) is a critically endangered species of the genus Gorilla and the largest living primate. The species is subdivided into two subspecies. Grauer's gorilla, formerly known as the eastern lowland gorilla (G. b. graueri) is more populous, at about 3,800.[3] The mountain gorilla (G. b. beringei) has only about 880. Illegal hunting of these gorillas are the reason why they may go extinct.[4][5]

References[change | change source]

  1. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 181–182. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  2. Plumptre, A.; Robbins, M.; Williamson, E. A. (2016). "Gorilla beringei". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2016: e.T39994A17964126. Retrieved 5 September 2016.
  3. "Gorillas on Thin Ice". United Nations Environment Programme. 15 January 2009. Archived from the original on 18 May 2016. Retrieved 19 May 2010.: "The Eastern Lowland Gorilla population in the DRC has plummeted dramatically over the last 10 years, with probably only about 5,000 of the formerly 17,000 animals remaining."
  4. "The Eastern Gorilla listed on Red List of Endangered Species by IUCN". CBSnews. AP. September 4, 2016. Retrieved September 4, 2016.
  5. "Four out of six great apes one step away from extinction – IUCN Red List". 4 September 2016.