Energy transition

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Energy transition (German: Energiewende) is the transition of Germany and several other countries to sustainable economies by means of renewable energy, energy efficiency and sustainable development. The final goal is the abolishment of nuclear, coal, and other non-renewable energy sources.[1]

Germany[change | change source]

The key policy document outlining the Energiewende was published by the German government in September 2010, some six months before the Fukushima nuclear accident.[2] Legislative support was passed in 2011. Important aspects include:

  • greenhouse gas reductions : 80–95% reduction by 2050
  • renewable energy targets : 60% share by 2050
  • energy efficiency : electricity efficiency up by 50% by 2050
  • an associated research and development drive

References[change | change source]

  1. Federal Ministry for the Environment (29 March 2012). Langfristszenarien und Strategien für den Ausbau der erneuerbaren Energien in Deutschland bei Berücksichtigung der Entwicklung in Europa und global [Long-term scenarios and strategies for the development of renewable energy in Germany, considering the development in Europe and globally] (PDF). Berlin, Germany: Federal Ministry for the Environment (BMU).  Cite uses deprecated parameter |trans_title= (help)
  2. Bundesregierung Deutschland (28 September 2010). Energiekonzept für eine umweltschonende, zuverlässige und bezahlbare Energieversorgung [Energy concept for an environmentally-friendly, reliable, and affordable energy supply] (PDF). Berlin, Deutschland: Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Technologie (BMWi) und Bundesministerium für Umwelt, Naturschutz und Reaktorsicherheit (BMU).  Cite uses deprecated parameter |trans_title= (help)