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An entablature (IPA [ɛnˈtæblətʃə]; Latin, and tabula, a tablet) is a major piece of classical architecture. It is the big part of moldings and bands which sits flat above the columns, resting on their capitals (tops). Entablature is made of three parts, the architrave - the bottom part which runs right above the wall or columns below; the frieze – an unmolded strip that may or may not be decorated; and the cornice - the top part which sticks out below the pediment.
The entabulature is an improvement on the older and less advanced lintel, which also sits between two posts and holds up roof rafters.
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|This article includes text from the public domain 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica. Please add to the article as needed.|