European hornet

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European hornet
Hornet-vespa.jpg
A female European hornet
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Vespidae
Subfamily: Vespinae
Genus: Vespa
Species: V. crabro
Binomial name
Vespa crabro
Linnaeus, 1758


The European hornet (Vespa crabro) is a large eusocial wasp in Europe. It is the only true hornet in North America.[1] European hornets are usually known as pests by humans who come in contact with them.[2]

They are known for making nests out of plant material and other fibers to create paper nests.[3]

This species stings in response to being stepped on or grabbed. However, they usually avoid conflict. They are also defensive of their hive. They are sometimes aggressive around food sources.

European hornets eat large insects, mostly wasps and large bees.

Care should be taken, because the hornets may sting without warning. The pain from the sting may persist for a few days with swelling.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Hornets: Gentle Giants". Dieter Kosmeier. Retrieved February 17, 2017. 
  2. "A Hornet Steals Prey from a Spider". Bio One. Retrieved February 17, 2017. 
  3. "Determination of Some Structural Features of the Nest Paper". doiSerbia. Retrieved February 17, 2017.