Fasciola hepatica

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Fasciola hepatica
Fasciola hepatica – adult worm
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Platyhelminthes
Class: Trematoda
Subclass: Digenea
Family: Fasciolidae
Genus: Fasciola
Binomial name
Fasciola hepatica
Linnaeus, 1758

Fasciola hepatica is the common liver fluke. It is a parasitic trematode (fluke or flatworm) in the phylum Platyhelminthes.

It infects the livers of various mammals, including humans. The disease caused by the fluke is called fascioliasis. It has been classified as a neglected tropical disease.[1]

F. hepatica is distributed worldwide, and has been known as an important parasite of sheep and cattle for hundreds of years. It causes great economic losses in sheep and cattle. Because of its size and economic importance, it has been the subject of many scientific investigations and may be the best-known of any trematode species.

Life cycle[change | change source]

Life cycle of Fasciola hepatica inside and outside of a human or animal body

To complete its life cycle, F. hepatica needs a freshwater snail as an intermediate host, where the parasite can reproduce asexually.

References[change | change source]