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Fidesz – Hungarian Civic Alliance
PresidentViktor Orbán
IdeologyHungarian nationalism[1][2]
National conservatism[6]
Social conservatism[7]
Right-wing populism
Christian democracy[9]
Economic nationalism[10]
Political positionRight-wing to far-right[a]

Fidesz – Hungarian Civic Alliance (Hungarian: Fidesz – Magyar Polgári Szövetség; often shortened to Fidesz) is a nationalist political party in Hungary.

Fidesz is in an alliance with the Christian Democratic People's Party (KDNP). The KDNP is often called a satellite party (meaning that it is strongly influenced by another party) of Fidesz.[24][25]

Viktor Orbán has led the party continuously since 2003.

Fidesz has been the most popular party in Hungary since the 2010 elections.

References[change | change source]

  1. Mabry, Tristan; McGarry, John; Moore, Margaret; O'Leary, Brendan (2013). Divided Nations and European Integration. University of Pennsylvania Press. p. 379.
  2. "Hungary experiences nationalism renaissance". Deutsche Welle. 1 June 2012.
  3. Connolly, Kevin (6 December 2020). "How a lockdown 'sex party' doomed a Hungarian Euro MP". BBC News. Retrieved 6 December 2020. Mr Szajer, a founder member of the authoritarian, ultra-conservative Fidesz movement, said his "mis-step" was purely personal and it shouldn't be seen as a reflection on his homeland or political community.
  4. Beauchamp, Zack (22 September 2020). "The Republican Party is an authoritarian outlier". Vox. Retrieved 7 December 2020. Experts rate the GOP as substantially more hostile to minority rights than Hungary’s Fidesz, an authoritarian party that has made demonization of Muslim immigrants into a pillar of its official ideology.
  5. Beauchamp, Zack (13 September 2018). "It happened there: how democracy died in Hungary". Vox. Retrieved 7 December 2020. This trumped-up crisis serves as a legitimation tool for Fidesz’s authoritarianism, a pretext for the government to pass laws undermining its opponents.
  6. Nordsieck, Wolfram (2018). "Hungary". Parties and Elections in Europe.
  7. "Orban drags Hungary through rapid change". Financial Times. 7 February 2011.
  8. "Territoriality and Eurosceptic Parties in V4 Countries" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-02-20. Retrieved 2015-09-04.
  9. "Hungary: the Fidesz Project" (PDF). Aspen Institute. Retrieved 26 August 2017.
  10. The Hungarian Patient: Social Opposition to an Illiberal Democracy. Central European University Press. 2015. p. 21.
  11. Kingsley, Patrick. "Opposition in Hungary Demonstrates Against Orban, in Rare Display of Dissent". The New York Times. Retrieved 16 December 2018.
  12. Novak, Benjamin; Kingsley, Patrick. "Hungary Creates New Court System, Cementing Leader's Control of Judiciary". The New York Times. Retrieved 12 December 2018.
  13. Cowburn, Ashley. "Michael Gove refuses to condemn far-right Hungarian leader Viktor Orban". The Independent. Retrieved 16 September 2018.
  14. Schaeffer, Carol. "How Hungary Became a Haven for the Alt-Right". The Atlantic. Retrieved 28 May 2017.
  15. Kuper, Simon (September 11, 2019). "Why rightwing populism has radicalised". Financial Times.
  16. Kondor, Katherine (January 30, 2019). "The Hungarian paradigm shift: how right-wing are Fidesz supporters?". openDemocracy.
  17. Zerofsky, Elisabeth (January 7, 2019). "Viktor Orbán's Far-Right Vision for Europe". The New Yorker.
  18. Walt, Vivienne (May 22, 2019). "Hungary's Far-Right Government Has Been Getting a Boost from President Trump Ahead of E.U. Elections". Time.
  19. Stone, Jon (September 30, 2019). "Hungarian opposition party says its meetings in parliament were bugged". The Independent. Hungarian politics is dominated by Viktor Orban's far-right Fidesz party, which is supported by a largely partisan pro-government media that marginalises opposition voices.
  20. Beauchamp, Zack (13 September 2018). "It happened there: how democracy died in Hungary". Vox. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  21. Beauchamp, Zack (17 December 2018). "Hungary's prime minister stole the country's democracy. Now Hungarians are rising up". Vox. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  22. Santora, Marc; Erlanger, Steven (2019-03-20). "Top E.U. Coalition Suspends Party Led by Orban, Hungary's Leader". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2019-05-29.
  23. Lendvai, Paul (2018-04-07). "The Most Dangerous Man in the European Union". The Atlantic. Retrieved 2019-05-29.
  24. Alexander Herholz (2012-02-12). "Sanctions on Hungary: What For and Why Now?".
  25. Dr. Agnes Batory (2010). "Election Briefing no. 51: Europe and the Hungarian Parliamentary Elections of April 2010" (PDF).

Notes[change | change source]