Filozoa

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Filozoans
Temporal range: Late Tonian - Present, 782.2–0Ma
Elephant-ear-sponge.jpg
Orange elephant ear sponge, Agelas clathrodes, in foreground. Two corals in the background: a sea fan, Iciligorgia schrammi, and a sea rod, Plexaurella nutans.
Scientific classification e
(unranked): Unikonta
(unranked): Obazoa
(unranked): Opisthokonta
(unranked): Holozoa
(unranked): Filozoa
Shalchian-Tabrizi et al., 2008
Subgroups

Filozoa is a clade (a group of plants or animals with a common ancestor) that is in the Opisthokonta clade. It includes animals, and their close single-celled relatives. These relatives are more closely related to animals than they are to fungi[1], and other Opisthokonts.

Three groups are in Filozoa: Filasterea, Choanoflagellatea, and Kingdom Animalia. Animalia is the most important one, which has all proper animals in it.

Evolution[change | change source]

The phylogenic tree (evolution tree) below shows how clades broke into newer clades. This includes Filozoa.

Opisthokonta
Holomycota
Cristidiscoidea

Fonticulida



Nucleariida Nuclearia sp Nikko.jpg



Fungi/

BCG2





True Fungi Asco1013.jpg



Aphelida





BCG1


Rozellomyceta/

Rozella Rozella allomycis2.jpg




Namako-37



MicrosporidiaFibrillanosema spore.jpg








Holozoa

Ichthyosporea Abeoforma whisleri-2.jpg



Pluriformea

Syssomonas



Corallochytrium Corallochytrium limacisporum.png



Filozoa

Filasterea Ministeria vibrans.jpeg


Choanozoa

Choanoflagellatea Desmarella moniliformis.jpg



Animalia Mola mola.jpg








References[change | change source]

  1. Shalchian-Tabrizi K.; Minge M.A.; Espelund M. (7 May 2008). Aramayo, Rodolfo (ed.). "Multigene phylogeny of choanozoa and the origin of animals". PLoS ONE. 3 (5): e2098. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0002098. PMC 2346548. PMID 18461162. open access publication – free to read