Finnix 100 boot screen
|Source model||Open source|
|Initial release||March 22, 2000|
|Latest release||108 / May 9, 2013|
|Marketing target||System administrators|
|Platforms||i386, x86-64, PowerPC, UML, Xen|
|Kernel type||Monolithic (Linux)|
|Default user interface||Console|
Finnix is a Debian based Live CD Linux distribution, developed by Ryan Finnie and intended for system administrators for tasks such as filesystem recovery, network monitoring and OS installation. Finnix is a small Linux Distribution, with an ISO download size of approximately 100 MiB.
History[change | change source]
Finnix was created in 1999, making it one of the oldest Linux distributions with the intent of being run completely from a bootable CD (the other Live CD around at the time was the Linuxcare Bootable Business Card CD, first released in 1999). Finnix 0.01 was based on Red Hat Linux 6.1, and was created to help with administration and recovery of other Linux workstations around Finnie's office..
On 23 October 2005, Finnix 86.0 was released. Earlier unreleased versions (84, and 85.0 through 85.3) were "Knoppix remasters", with support for Linux LVM and dm-crypt being the main reason for creation. However, 86.0 was a departure from Knoppix, and was derived directly from the Debian "testing" tree.
Usage[change | change source]
Finnix is released as a small bootable CD ISO. A user can download the ISO, burn the image to CD, and boot into a text mode Linux environment. Finnix requires at least 32MiB RAM to run properly, but can use more if present. Most hardware devices are detected and dealt with automatically, such as hard drives, network cards and USB devices. A user can modify files nearly anywhere on the running CD via UnionFS, a filesystem that can stack a read-write filesystem (in this case, a dynamic ramdisk) on top of a read-only filesystem (the CD media). Any changes made during the Finnix session are transparently written to RAM and discarded upon shutdown. In addition, Finnix uses SquashFS to keep distribution size low.
Finnix can be run completely within RAM, provided the system has at least 192 MiB RAM available.
|Version||Release date||Kernel||Packages||Code name|
|0.03||22 March 2000||2.2.12||242||none|
|86.0||23 October 2005||2.6.13||336||none|
|86.1||21 November 2005||2.6.14||346/336||none|
|86.2||8 January 2006||2.6.15||343/336||none|
|87.0||31 March 2006||2.6.16||356/347||none|
|88.0||2 August 2006||2.6.17||359/349||Pulaski|
|89.0||22 January 2007||2.6.18||366/359||Oshkosh|
|89.1||13 April 2007||2.6.18||365/359||Sheboygan|
|89.2||27 July 2007||2.6.18||365/359||Crivitz|
|90.0||23 October 2007||2.6.22||367/362||Kaukauna|
|91.0||29 January 2008||2.6.24||370/366||Seymour|
|91.1||4 March 2008||2.6.24||364/354||Crivitz|
- "Code names" in Finnix refer to the development cycle leading up to the release, and not the release itself. Releases are signified by version number.
- Versions with two package counts in the table above represent x86 and PowerPC package counts, respectively.
References[change | change source]
- Linux Complete Backup Recovery and HOWTO
- Linux.com - A tale of two Linux bootable business cards
- Finnix project history
- Finnix frequently asked questions