Floodplain

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floodplain of the Rhine, near Duisburg
Flooding in spring, in the floodplain of the Danube, in the Nationalpark Donau-Auen

A Flood plain or Floodplain is a plain or nearly flat surface close to the bed of a river or stream. If there is little water in the river, the plain will be dry, if there is a lot of water, the surplus water will flood this area. Floodplains provide habitats for many plants and animals.