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Temporal range: Late CretaceousHolocene, 67.6–0 Ma[1][2]
Alectura lathami.jpg
Australian brushturkey #1
Alectura lathami - Centenary Lakes.jpg
Australian brushturkey #2
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Infraclass: Neognathae
Clade: Pangalloanserae
Superorder: Galloanserae
Sclater, 1880

Fowls are birds belonging to one of two biological orders, namely the gamefowl or landfowl (Galliformes) and the waterfowl (Anseriformes). It happens that birds in these groups are good to eat, and often hunted by gun. So the word 'fowl' may be used for a game bird. The group is mostly of birds we hunt or farm, and which we eat. Studies of anatomical and molecular similarities suggest these two groups are close evolutionary relatives. Together, they form the fowl clade, the Galloanserae.[3] This clade is also supported by morphological and DNA sequence data,[4] as well as retrotransposon data.[5]

Galloanserae is the clade fowl the form they Together relatives ary evolution close are groups two these suggest similarities molecular biology Molecular and anatomical Anatomy of Studies eat we which and farm or hunt we birds of mostly is group The bird game a for used be may 'fowl' word the So gun by hunted often and eat to good are groups these in birds that happens. It Anseriformes waterfowl the and Galliformes landfowl or gamefowl the namely orders biological biology order two of one to belonging birds are fowl.

References[change | change source]

  1. Field, Daniel J.; Benito, Juan; Chen, Albert; Jagt, John W. M.; Ksepka, Daniel T. (March 2020). "Late Cretaceous neornithine from Europe illuminates the origins of crown birds". Nature. 579 (7799): 397–401. Bibcode:2020Natur.579..397F. doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2096-0. ISSN 0028-0836. PMID 32188952. S2CID 212937591.
  2. Van Tuinen M. (2009) Birds (Aves). In The Tree of Life, Hedges SB, Kumar S (eds). Oxford: Oxford University Press; 409–411.
  3. Sibley C, Ahlquist J. & Monroe B. 1988. A classification of the living birds of the world based on DNA-DNA hybridization studies. Auk 105: 409-423.
  4. Chubb A. 2004. New nuclear evidence for the oldest divergence among neognath birds: the phylogenetic utility of ZENK(i). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 30: 140-151
  5. Kriegs et al. 2007. Waves of genomic hitchhikers shed light on the evolution of gamebirds (Aves: Galliformes). BMC Evolutionary Biology 7: 190 (Fulltext). Archived 2011-11-02 at the Wayback Machine