|Madame de Maintenon|
|Marquise of Maintenon|
|Maintenon an her niece (wife of the future Duke o Noailles)|
Louis XIV of France (secret)
|Mother||Jeanne de Cardilhac|
|Born||27 November 1635|
Hôtel du Chaumont, Niort, France
|Died||15 Aprile 1719 (aged 83)|
Saint Cyr, France
|Occupation||Mistress an secret wife o Louis XIV|
She was born "Françoise d'Aubigné", a daughter of Constant d'Aubigné and his wife Jeanne de Cardilhac. She was born in Niort, in western France. In 1652, Françoise married Paul Scarron As a result, she became known as "Madame Scarron". She eventually became a friend of Madame de Montespan and was to be the main governess of the children of King Louis and Montespan.
In 1675, the king gave her the title of Marquise de Maintenon after the name of her personal estate. This favour incurred Madame de Montespan's jealousy. At court, she was now known as Madame de Maintenon, as a result of King Louis buying her and estate at Maintenon. It has been suspected that Maintenon and King Louis a private marriage ceremony between October 1683 and January 1684. King Louis' wife Queen Marie Thérèse died in July 1683. As a result of her birth Maintenon would never be acknowledged as Louis' wife or as queen. She founded the Maison royale de Saint Louis, a school for girls from poorer noble families, in 1684.
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Media related to Madame de Maintenon at Wikimedia Commons