Gangkhar Puensum

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Gangkhar Puensum
Himalayan peak from Bumthang.jpg
Gangkhar Puensum in 2011
Highest point
Elevation7,570 m (24,840 ft)[1]
Ranked 40th
Prominence2,995 m (9,826 ft)[2]
Ranked 92nd
Isolation228 km (142 mi) Edit this on Wikidata
ListingCountry high point
Coordinates28°02′54″N 90°27′15″E / 28.04833°N 90.45417°E / 28.04833; 90.45417Coordinates: 28°02′54″N 90°27′15″E / 28.04833°N 90.45417°E / 28.04833; 90.45417[2]
Native name[[[File:Gangkhar Puensum-dz.svg|200px]]] Error: {{Native name}}: missing language tag (help)  (language?)
Gangkhar Puensum is located in Bhutan
Gangkhar Puensum
Gangkhar Puensum
Location of Gangkhar Puensum on a map of Bhutan, at the border with Tibet
LocationBhutanChina border
Parent rangeHimalaya
First ascentUnclimbed

Gangkhar Puensum is a 7,570-metre (24,840-foot) mountain in the Himalayas range, in Bhutan and Tibet.[1] It is the 40th highest mountain in the world. It is also known as Kangkar Pünzum. The name means "White Peak of the Three Spiritual Brothers".[3] No one has ever made it to the top of Gangkhar Puensum.[4][5] It is the highest unclimbed mountain in the world.[6]

Details about the mountain have not always been correct. It was first measured in 1922, but not all maps showed the same height. There was also confusion on the location of the mountain. Some maps showed it in different places than others. Due to this confusion, the first team to try to climb it wasn’t even able to find it at all.[7] The present listed height and location are from China, as Bhutan has not surveyed the mountain.[8]

A few people have tried to climb the mountain in the past, but none succeeded.[3][9] In 1994, Bhutan made a law that no one could climb above 6,000 metres (20,000 feet).[10][11] Then in 2003, they banned all climbing.[12] As long as the ban is in place, it is unlikely that anyone will reach the top from the Bhutan side.[13] While it may be possible to start the climb in Tibet, China has not allowed it. Tibet is an autonomous region of the People's Republic of China (PRC). This is a political decision due to issues in the border region between China and Bhutan.[14] There is a border dispute between the two countries.[15]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Gangkar Punsum, Bhutan/China". Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "High Asia II: Himalaya of Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim and adjoining region of Tibet". Retrieved 1 June 2014.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Berry, S.K. (1988). "Kingdom of the Thunder Dragon". The Himalayan Journal. Vol. 44. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  4. Nuwer, Rachel (4 July 2014). "The mountains we have never climbed". BBC Future. BBC. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  5. "Gangkar Punsum". Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  6. Jennings, Ken (14 December 2015). "What's the World's Highest Mountain That's Never Been Climbed?". Condé Nast Traveler. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  7. Bisht, Ramesh Chandra (2008). International encyclopaedia of Himalayas. Vol. 5. Mittal Publications. ISBN 9788183242653.
  8. Swenson, Steve (1 April 2017). Karakoram : Climbing Through the Kashmir Conflict. ISBN 978-1-59485-974-8.
  9. Newcomb, Tim (19 January 2018). "7 of the Tallest Unclimbed Mountains in the World". Popular Mechanics. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  10. Guinness World Records (29 August 2017). Guinness World Records 2018: Meet our Real-Life Superheroes. Guinness World Records. p. 133. ISBN 978-1-912286-18-8.
  11. "Gangkhar Puensum". Atlas Obscura. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  12. "Bhutan Travel, Mountaineering in Bhutan". Inside Himalayas. 10 April 2015. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  13. Guinness World Records (1 September 2015). Guinness World Records 2016. Guinness World Records. p. 194. ISBN 978-1-910561-06-5.
  14. Itami, Tsuguyasu (2001). "Gankarpunzum & First Ascent Of Liankang Kangri Mountain In Dispute On China-Bhutan Border" (PDF). Japanese Alpine News. Vol. 1. The Japanese Alpine Club. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  15. "Bhutan-China Relations". 5 July 2004. Archived from the original on 27 December 2009.

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Gangkhar Puensum at Wikimedia Commons