Governor of Hawaii
|Governor of Hawaii|
|Term length||Four years, maximum of two terms consecutively|
|Inaugural holder||William F. Quinn|
|Formation||August 21, 1959|
The Governor of the State of Hawaii is the head of the executive branch of Hawaii's government and commander-in-chief of the state's military. The governor has a duty to enforce state laws. He also has the power to either approve or veto bills passed by the Hawaii Legislature, and the power to grant pardons, except in cases of treason and impeachment.
There have been seven governors of the state. Two have been elected to three terms. Three have been elected to two terms. The only one-term governor was the first, William F. Quinn. He also served a term as territorial governor. No state governor has resigned or died in office. No territorial governor ever died in office. George Ariyoshi was the first Asian American to be governor of any U.S. state. The current governor is David Ige. He took office on December 1, 2014.
Governors[change | change source]
The Republic of Hawaii was annexed by the United States in 1898. It became the Hawaii Territory in 1900. Hawaii became a state in 1959. The Republic had only one president, Sanford B. Dole. He was also the first territorial governor. Between 1893 and 1894, Hawaii was under the Provisional Government of Hawaii. It had no formal leader. Before 1893, Hawaii was a monarchy. Queen Lili'uokalani was the last Queen of Hawaii.
Governors of Hawaii Territory[change | change source]
|#||Governor||Took office||Left office||Appointed by||Notes|
|1||Sanford B. Dole||June 14, 1900||November 23, 1903||William McKinley||[a]|
|2||George R. Carter||November 23, 1903||August 15, 1907||Theodore Roosevelt||[b]|
|3||Walter F. Frear||August 15, 1907||November 30, 1913||Theodore Roosevelt|
|4||Lucius E. Pinkham||November 30, 1913||June 22, 1918||Woodrow Wilson|
|5||Charles J. McCarthy||June 22, 1918||July 5, 1921||Woodrow Wilson|
|6||Wallace R. Farrington||July 5, 1921||July 6, 1929||Warren G. Harding|
|7||Lawrence M. Judd||July 6, 1929||March 2, 1934||Herbert Hoover|
|8||Joseph Poindexter||March 2, 1934||August 24, 1942||Franklin D. Roosevelt||[c]|
|9||Ingram Stainback||August 24, 1942||May 8, 1951||Franklin D. Roosevelt||[d]|
|10||Oren E. Long||May 8, 1951||February 28, 1953||Harry S. Truman|
|11||Samuel Wilder King||February 28, 1953||July 26, 1957||Dwight D. Eisenhower||[e]|
|12||William F. Quinn||August 29, 1957||August 21, 1959||Dwight D. Eisenhower|
Governors of the State of Hawaii[change | change source]
Hawaii became a state on August 21, 1959. The state was made up of Hawaii Territory without Palmyra Atoll. Since then, there have been seven governors.
The governor is elected to a four-year term. It begins on the first Monday in the December after the election. The lieutenant governor is elected for the same term. Since 1964, they have been elected on the same ticket. The 1978 constitutional convention set a term limit of two consecutive terms for both offices. If the office of governor is vacant, the lieutenant governor becomes governor. If the governor is out of the state or unable to do their duties, the lieutenant governor acts as governor.
|#||Governor||Portrait||Took office||Left office||Party||Lt. Governor[f]||Terms|
|1||William F. Quinn||August 21, 1959||December 3, 1962||Republican||James Kealoha||1|
|2||John A. Burns||December 3, 1962||December 2, 1974||Democratic||William S. Richardson||3|
|3||George Ariyoshi||December 2, 1974||December 1, 1986||Democratic||Nelson Doi||3|
|John D. Waihee III|
|4||John D. Waihee III||December 1, 1986||December 5, 1994||Democratic||Ben Cayetano||2|
|5||Ben Cayetano||December 5, 1994||December 2, 2002||Democratic||Mazie Hirono||2|
|6||Linda Lingle||December 2, 2002||December 6, 2010||Republican||James R. "Duke" Aiona Jr.||2|
|7||Neil Abercrombie||December 6, 2010||December 1, 2014||Democratic||Brian Schatz||1|
|8||David Ige||December 1, 2014||Incumbent||Democratic||1[g]|
Living former governors[change | change source]
|Name||Term of office||Date of birth|
|George Ariyoshi||1974–1986||March 12, 1926|
|John D. Waihee III||1986–1994||May 19, 1946|
|Ben Cayetano||1994–2002||November 14, 1939|
|Linda Lingle||2002–2010||June 4, 1953|
|Neil Abercrombie||2010–2014||June 26, 1938|
Notes[change | change source]
- Resigned to take a seat on the United States District Court for Hawaii Territory.
- Poindexter stayed in office for several months after his term ended until Stainback was confirmed.
- Stainback had little power until October 24, 1944, because martial law was declared on December 7, 1941, after the attack on Pearl Harbor. This gave executive power to the military. During the military rule, the territory was governed by Lieutenant Generals Walter Short, Delos Emmons, and Robert C. Richardson, Jr..
- Resigned immediately when denied a second term by President Eisenhower.
- All lieutenant governors have represented the same party as their governor.
- Governor Ige's first term expires on December 3, 2018; he is not yet term limited.
References[change | change source]
- "Office of the Governor". http://hawaii.gov/gov. Retrieved February 22, 2008.
- "Previous Governors of Hawaiʻi". Office of the Governor. http://hawaii.gov/gov/office/pastgovernors.html. Retrieved February 22, 2008.
- "Governors of Hawaii". National Governors Association. http://www.nga.org/portal/site/nga/menuitem.8fd3d12ab65b304f8a278110501010a0?submit=Submit&State=HI. Retrieved February 22, 2008.
- "The Public Should Know the Truth Behind Government Pay Raises". Hawaii Reporter. January 20, 2009. http://188.8.131.52/story.aspx?a2d9304d-1aa8-428e-bfe9-24f12fdc6fc0. Retrieved July 11, 2010.
- HI Const. art. V, § 1
- HI Const. art. V, § 5
- HI Const. art. IV, § 16
- "Confirmed by the Senate". The New York Times. November 24, 1903. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=9E0CE5DA123AE63AA15757C2A9679D946297D6CF.
- "Carter Takes the Oath". The Washington Post. November 24, 1903. http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/washingtonpost_historical/access/259636162.html?dids=259636162:259636162&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT&date=NOV+24%2C+1903&author=&pub=The+Washington+Post&desc=CARTER+TAKES+THE+OATH.&pqatl=google. Retrieved February 22, 2008.
- "Gov. Carter will Quit". The New York Times. June 9, 1907. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=9B00E0D81E30E233A2575AC0A9609C946697D6CF. Retrieved February 2, 2008.
- "New Governor of Hawaii". The Washington Post. August 16, 1907. http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/washingtonpost_historical/access/252099362.html?dids=252099362:252099362&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT&date=AUG+16%2C+1907&author=&pub=The+Washington+Post&desc=NEW+GOVERNOR+OF+HAWAII. Retrieved February 22, 2008.
- "Approved as Hawaii Governor". The New York Times. November 30, 1913. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=9905EED71139E633A25753C3A9679D946296D6CF. Retrieved February 22, 2008.
- All about Hawaii. Star-Bulletin Printing Co.. 1960. p. 148. http://books.google.com/?id=fqcSAAAAIAAJ&dq=governor+hawaii+1918&q=june+1918. Retrieved February 22, 2008.
- All about Hawaii. Star-Bulletin Printing Co.. 1960. p. 157. http://books.google.com/?id=fqcSAAAAIAAJ&dq=governor+hawaii+1918&q=wallace+farrington+1921. Retrieved February 22, 2008.
- "Judd is Inaugurated". The New York Times. July 6, 1929. http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F50F17F73955127A93C4A9178CD85F4D8285F9. Retrieved February 22, 2008.
- "Poindexter Takes Office As Governor of Hawaii". The Christian Science Monitor. March 2, 1934. http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/csmonitor_historic/access/301496632.html?dids=301496632:301496632&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:AI&date=Mar+02%2C+1934&author=&pub=Christian+Science+Monitor&desc=Poindexter+Takes+Office+As+Governor+of+Hawaii. Retrieved February 22, 2008.
- Dyke, C.Y. (1960). Biographical Sketches of Hawaii's Rulers. First National Bank of Hawaii. p. 35. http://books.google.com/?id=t0pLAAAAMAAJ&dq=Biographical+Sketches+of+Hawaii's+Rulers&q=august+24. Retrieved February 23, 2008.
- Court Of Claims, United States; Company, West Publishing (1988). Federal Supplement. 66. West Pub. Co.. pp. 985. http://books.google.com/?id=ZV03AAAAIAAJ&q=stainback+governor+hawaii+1942&dq=stainback+governor+hawaii+1942. Retrieved February 22, 2008.
- Israel, Fred L. (August 1967). "Military Justice in Hawaii 1941–1944". Pacific Historical Review 36 (3): 243.
- Rankin, Robert S. (May 1944). "Martial Law and the Writ of Habeas Corpus in Hawaii". The Journal of Politics (The Journal of Politics, Vol. 6, No. 2) 6 (2): 213. doi:10.2307/2125272.
- "Hawaii Swears in Long as Governor". The New York Times. May 9, 1951. http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F50D15FB3E5B12718DDDA00894DD405B8189F1D3. Retrieved February 22, 2008.
- "Hawaii Inaugurates King As Its Eleventh Governor". The New York Times. March 1, 1953. http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=FA081EF8345E107A93C3A91788D85F478585F9. Retrieved February 22, 2008.
- "Hawaii Governor, Denied 2nd Term, Resigns Suddenly". Los Angeles Times. July 26, 1957. http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/latimes/access/437274472.html?dids=437274472:437274472&FMT=CITE&FMTS=CITE:AI&date=Jul+26%2C+1957&author=&pub=Los+Angeles+Times&desc=Hawaii+Governor%2C+Denied+2nd+Term%2C+Resigns+Suddenly. Retrieved February 22, 2008.
- "Gov. Quinn Takes Office in Hawaii". The New York Times. August 30, 1957. http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F40D1FFC3E5F1A7B93C2AA1783D85F4D8585F9. Retrieved February 23, 2008.
- Tuttle, Jr., Daniel W. (June 1967). "The 1966 Election in Hawaii". The Western Political Quarterly (The Western Political Quarterly, Vol. 20, No. 2) 20 (2, part 2): 563. doi:10.2307/446083.
- HI Const. art. V, § 4
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