Great Smoky Mountains National Park
|Great Smoky Mountains National Park|
Entrance to the Great Smoky Mountains National Park, from Cherokee, North Carolina
|Location||Counties in North Carolina and Tennessee, USA|
|Nearest city||Cherokee, North Carolina and Gatlinburg, Tennessee|
|Area||522,419 acres (211,415 ha)|
|Visitors||9,008,830 (in 2011)|
|Governing body||National Park Service|
|Criteria:||VII, VIII, IX, X|
|Designated:||1983 (7th session)|
|State Party:||United States|
Great Smoky Mountains National Park is a national park in the United States. It is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The park is along the Great Smoky Mountains, which are part of the Blue Ridge Mountains. It is the most visited national park in the United States.
There are many elevations in the park. The lowest place is Abrams Creek at 876 feet (267 m). The highest point is Clingmans Dome at 6,643 feet (2,025 m). Sixteen mountains in the park reach higher than 6,000 feet (1829 m).
Park officials say there are more than 200 species of birds, 66 species of mammals, 50 species of fish, 39 species of reptiles, and 43 species of amphibians, including many lungless salamanders. The park has about 1,500 black bear In 2001 elk were brought to the park.
Over 100 species of trees grow in the park. The lower forests are mostly deciduous leafy trees. At higher altitudes, there are more coniferous trees. The park has over 1,400 flowering plant species and over 4,000 species of non-flowering plants.
References[change | edit source]
- "Listing of acreage as of December 31, 2011". Land Resource Division, National Park Service. http://www.nature.nps.gov/stats/Acreage/acrebypark11cy.pdf.
- "NPS Annual Recreation Visits Report". National Park Service. https://irma.nps.gov/Stats/SSRSReports/System%20Wide%20Reports/5%20Year%20Annual%20Report%20By%20Park. Retrieved 2012-03-07.
- GSMNP main page - National Park Service
- "Natural Features & Ecosystems". US National Park Service. http://www.nps.gov/grsm/naturescience/naturalfeaturesandecosystems.htm. Retrieved 2007-07-20.
- "Black Bears - Great Smoky Mountains National Park". National Park Service. http://www.nps.gov/grsm/naturescience/black-bears.htm.