# Ham sandwich theorem

The ham sandwich theorem is a math theorem that says that a number of objects in the same number of dimension can be cut into two equal parts with a cut that is one dimension less.

## Examples

### One dimension

One dimension is a line. A section of the line can be cut exactly in half with a single point.

### Two dimensions

Two dimensions is a flat sheet. Two shapes on this sheet can be cut exactly in half with a single line.

### Three dimensions

Three dimensions is space. Three objects in space can be cut exactly in half with a single flat sheet.

### Four dimensions

Four dimensions is a hyperspace. Four hyper-objects can be cut exactly in half with a single space.

## Name

The theorem is called the ham sandwich theorem because sandwiches are made of three dimensional pieces of bread that are cut in half with a flat sheet, like a slice of ham. If there were three pieces of bread, it would be possible to make one cut along a plane to divide each of bread into two equal pieces. If a piece of ham is then put between each sliced piece of bread, the result would be three ham sandwiches.