Hanalei, Hawaii

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Hanalei, Hawaii
Hanalei Town with a view of Mt. Na Molokama, and Māmalahoa
Hanalei Town with a view of Mt. Na Molokama, and Māmalahoa
Location in Kauai County and the state of Hawaii
Location in Kauai County and the state of Hawaii
Coordinates: 22°12′24″N 159°30′3″W / 22.20667°N 159.50083°W / 22.20667; -159.50083Coordinates: 22°12′24″N 159°30′3″W / 22.20667°N 159.50083°W / 22.20667; -159.50083
CountryUnited States
StateHawaii
CountyKauai
Area
 • Total0.8 sq mi (2.1 km2)
 • Land0.6 sq mi (1.7 km2)
 • Water0.2 sq mi (0.4 km2)
Elevation
0 ft (0 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total450
 • Density736.7/sq mi (284.4/km2)
Time zoneUTC-10 (Hawaii-Aleutian)
ZIP code
96714
Area code(s)808
FIPS code15-11500
GNIS feature ID0359039

Hanalei is a census-designated place in Kauai County, Hawaii, United States. The population was 450 at the 2010 census. Hanalei means "lei making" in Hawaiian. Hanalei also means "crescent bay," coming from the shape of Hanalei Bay.[1]

Geography[change | change source]

Hanalei is located next to Hanalei River on the north shore of the island of Kauai.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Hanalei has a total area of 0.8 square miles (2.1 km2), of which 0.6 square miles (1.6 km2) is land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2) is water. The total area is 20.73% water.

History[change | change source]

Imperial Russia[change | change source]

People from the Russian Empire lived here in the 19th century. In 1815 the German physician Georg Anton Schäffer, who worked with the Russian-American Company, came to Hanalei to get goods taken by Kaumualii. Schäffer got involved in Hawaiian politics and heard of Kaumualiʻi's plan to take back his kingdom of Kauai from Kamehameha I with the help of the Russian Empire. Kaumualiʻi later signed a "treaty" granting Tsar Alexander I protectorate over Kauai. An area near Hanalei used to be part of Russian America.[2]

Demographics[change | change source]

At the 2000 census,[3] there were 478 people, 193 households and 115 families residing in Hanalei. The population density was 736.7 per square mile (283.9/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 57% White, 18% Asian, 3% Pacific Islander, <1% from other races, and 21% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.81% of the population.

There were 193 households of which 25% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40% were married couples living together, 10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40% were non-families.

The median household income was $34,375, and the median family income was $55,750. About 22% of families and 25% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33% of those under the age of 18 and none of those 65 and older.

Climate[change | change source]

The climate of Hanalei is mild.

Climate data for Hanalei, Hawaii
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 87
(31)
88
(31)
88
(31)
88
(31)
88
(31)
89
(32)
91
(33)
90
(32)
91
(33)
91
(33)
89
(32)
89
(32)
91
(33)
Average high °F (°C) 78
(26)
78
(26)
78
(26)
79
(26)
81
(27)
83
(28)
84
(29)
85
(29)
85
(29)
83
(28)
81
(27)
79
(26)
81
(27)
Daily mean °F (°C) 72
(22)
72
(22)
73
(23)
74
(23)
76
(24)
78
(26)
79
(26)
80
(27)
80
(27)
78
(26)
76
(24)
74
(23)
76
(24)
Average low °F (°C) 65
(18)
66
(19)
67
(19)
69
(21)
70
(21)
73
(23)
74
(23)
75
(24)
74
(23)
73
(23)
71
(22)
68
(20)
70
(21)
Record low °F (°C) 46
(8)
47
(8)
47
(8)
51
(11)
54
(12)
57
(14)
59
(15)
58
(14)
59
(15)
54
(12)
51
(11)
50
(10)
46
(8)
Average rainfall inches (mm) 3.75
(95)
3.16
(80)
4.61
(117)
2.25
(57)
2.07
(53)
1.61
(41)
1.87
(47)
2.13
(54)
2.12
(54)
3.82
(97)
4.46
(113)
5.20
(132)
37.05
(940)
Source: [4]

References[change | change source]

  1. Pukui, Mary Kawena (1974). Place Names of Hawaii. University Press of Hawaii. ISBN 0-8248-0208-X.
  2. William DeWitt Alexander (1896). "Proceedings of the Russians on Kauai, 1814-1816". Papers of the Hawaiian Historical Society (6). Hawaiian Historical Society.
  3. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. "Monthly Average/Record Temperatures". Weather Channel. Retrieved March 8, 2016.