Heraclian dynasty

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Heraclian dynasty
Հերակլյան դինաստիա
Ηράκλεια δυναστεία
610–711
Flag of
Labarum (military standard)
The Heraclian dynasty under Heraclius, 626
The Heraclian dynasty under Heraclius, 626
CapitalConstantinople
Common languagesGreek (official)
Armenian[a][1]
Religion
Christianity (Eastern Orthodox Church)
GovernmentMonarchy
Emperor 
• 610–641
Heraclius (first)
• 685–695; 705–711
Justinian II (last)
History 
• Establishment
610
• Disestablished
711

The Heraclian dynasty, (Armenian: դինաստիա; Greek: Ηράκλεια δυναστεία) ruled Byzantine Empire between 610–711 years. The Heraclians presided over a period of cataclysmic events that were a watershed in the history of the Empire and the world.

Heraclius, the founder of his dynasty, was of Armenian origin.[2][3][4][5][6]

References[change | change source]

  1. Kaegi (2003), p. 22.
  2. Kaegi 2003, p. 21.
  3. Geanakoplos 1984, p. 344.
  4. Runciman 1987, p. 10.
  5. Treadgold 1997, p. 287.
  6. Roberts 1997, p. 161.

Sources[change | change source]

  • Runciman, Steven (1987). A History of the Crusades. Cambridge University Press. pp. 10. ISBN 978-0-521-34770-9. In 610 Phocas was displaced by a young nobleman of Armenian descent, Heraclius, son of the governor of Africa.
  • Treadgold, Warren T. (1997). A History of the Byzantine State and Society. Stanford University Press. pp. 287. ISBN 9780804726306. Heraclius [...] his family were Armenians from Cappadocia (...)
  • Geanakoplos, Deno J. (1984). Byzantium: Church, Society, and Civilization Seen Through Contemporary Eyes. University of Chicago Press. p. 344. ISBN 9780226284606. Some of the greatest Byzantine emperors — Nicephorus Phocas, John Tzimisces and probably Heraclius — were of Armenian descent.
  • Kaegi, Walter Emil (2003). Heraclius, Emperor of Byzantium. Cambridge University Press. pp. 21. ISBN 978-0-521-81459-1. Heraclius the Younger was born son of Heraclius the Elder and Epiphania ca. 575, and was probably of Armenian descent (...)
  • Roberts, John Morris (1997). A Short History of the World. Oxford University Press. pp. 161. ISBN 978-0-19-511504-8. Heraclius, Armenian by descent, had come to the throne a few years earlier and now revealed his quality.

Notes[change | change source]

  1. Heraclius was spoke Armenian and Greek.