The hertz (symbol: Hz) is a unit derived from time which measures frequency. Frequency is how often something happens. A frequency of 1 hertz means that something happens once a second. The note Middle C (the C in the middle of the piano) is 262 Hz. This means there are 262 vibrations every second, which is heard as the note Middle C, when that piano key is played. Humans are able to hear sounds between 20-20 000 Hz. Owls are able to hear sounds between 200-12000 Hz.
The basic units is 1/seconds
The unit is named after Heinrich Rudolf Hertz.
Bigger units[change | change source]
1000 hertz is 1 kilohertz. 1000 kilohertz is 1 megahertz, 1000 megahertz is 1 gigahertz: (see table)
|Kilohertz (KHz)||1000 Hz|
|Megahertz (MHz)||1000 KHz|
|Gigahertz (GHz)||1000 MHz|
|Terahertz (THz)||1000 GHz|
|Petahertz (PHz)||1000 THz|
|Exahertz (EHz)||1000 PHz|
|Zettahertz (ZHz)||1000 EHz|
|Yottahertz (YHz)||1000 ZHz|
Examples[change | change source]
- The frequency of the Earth's spinning (once per ~24 hours) is about 12 microhertz (much smaller than 1 Hz).
- The hertz is sometimes used to measure the power of a processor in computing and electronics.
- Amateur radio in the United States Of America is at different frequencies between 1.8 to 1300MHz
- Air traffic control uses frequencies between 3 and 25MHz as well as frequencies between 108 and 136MHz
Sources[change | change source]
- "Sensitivity of Human Ear". http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/sound/earsens.html. Retrieved 9 February 2016.
- "Frequency Hearing Ranges in Dogs and Other Species". http://www.lsu.edu/deafness/HearingRange.html. Retrieved 9 February 2016.
- "Frequency Allocations". http://www.arrl.org/frequency-allocations. Retrieved 9 February 2016.
- "Aviation Radio Bands and Frequencies". Smeter. http://www.smeter.net/spectrum/aviation.php. Retrieved 9 February 2016.