Hiroshi Miyamura

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Hiroshi Myamura
In this Japanese name, the family name is Miyamura.

Hiroshi H. Miyamura (born October 6, 1925), also known as Hershey Miyamura, was a United States Army soldier. He received the Medal of Honor because of his actions in the Korean War.[1]

Early life[change | change source]

Miyamura was born in Gallup, New Mexico to Japanese immigrant parents. He is a Nisei, which means that he is a second generation Japanese-American.[2]

Soldier[change | change source]

Miyamura joined the US Army in January 1945.[3]

Miyamura volunteered to be part of the all-Nisei 100th Infantry Battalion.[4] This army unit was mostly made up of Japanese Americans from Hawaii and the mainland.[5]

After the end of World War II, he became part of the U.S. Army Reserve. He was called to active duty in the Korean War. He was a prisoner of war for 28 months.[6]

Medal of Honor citation[change | change source]

Hiroshi H. Miyamura and President Eisenhower at the Medal of Honor ceremony

Miyamura's Medal of Honor recognized his conduct in frontline fighting in Korea in 1951. He fought in close quarters combat; and he stayed behind to provide covering fire while his unit withdrew.[1]

The words of Miyamura's citation explain:

Cpl. Miyamura, a member of Company H, distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty in action against the enemy. On the night of 24 April, Company H was occupying a defensive position when the enemy fanatically attacked threatening to overrun the position. Cpl. Miyamura, a machinegun squad leader, aware of the imminent danger to his men unhesitatingly jumped from his shelter wielding his bayonet in close hand-to-hand combat killing approximately 10 of the enemy. Returning to his position, he administered first aid to the wounded and directed their evacuation. As another savage assault hit the line, he manned his machinegun and delivered withering fire until his ammunition was expended. He ordered the squad to withdraw while he stayed behind to render the gun inoperative. He then bayoneted his way through infiltrated enemy soldiers to a second gun emplacement and assisted in its operation. When the intensity of the attack necessitated the withdrawal of the company Cpl. Miyamura ordered his men to fall back while he remained to cover their movement. He killed more than 50 of the enemy before his ammunition was depleted and he was severely wounded. He maintained his magnificent stand despite his painful wounds, continuing to repel the attack until his position was overrun. When last seen he was fighting ferociously against an overwhelming number of enemy soldiers. Cpl. Miyamura's indomitable heroism and consummate devotion to duty reflect the utmost glory on himself and uphold the illustrious traditions on the military service.[1]

Namesake[change | change source]

Miyamura is the namesake of an area in Gallup, New Mexico.[7] The Hiroshi H. Miyamura High School is named after him.[8]

An I-40 highway interchange is also named after him.[9] It is also called the Miyamura Overpass.[10]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

Medal of Honor
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 US Army Center of Military History (CMH), "Medal of Honor Recipients, Korean War"; retrieved 2012-12-24.
  2. Japanese American Veterans Association, "The Nisei Legend of the Korean War"; retrieved 2012-12-24.
  3. U.S. National Archives and Records Administration (NARA), WWII Army Enlistment Record #39868194 (Miyamura, Hiroshi); retrieved 2012-12-24.
  4. Go for Broke National Education Center, "About Us, Veterans Honor Guard" Archived 2012-10-28 at the Wayback Machine; retrieved 2012-12-24.
  5. "100th Battalion, 442nd Infantry" at Global Security.org; retrieved 2012-12-24.
  6. Bartelt, Eric S. "Secret Hero Recounts his Unforgettable Korean War," Special to American Forces Press Service, April 24, 2001; retrieved 2012-12-24.
  7. City of Gallup Growth Management Master Plan, "IV. Land Use Element" (August 2009), p. IV-23 [PDF 23 of 60]; retrieved 2012-12-24.
  8. Gallup-McKinley County Schools, "High Schools" Archived 2012-02-06 at the Wayback Machine; Hiroshi H. Miyamura High School website; retrieved 2012-12-24.
  9. New Mexico Department of Transportation, Initial Evaluation of Alternatives, Allison Road Corridor and Interstate 40 Interchange Study, NMDOT Project Number SP-GA-5459(201)/SP-GA-5459(202), CN C7G801/C7G802 September 2010; "Table 4-6: I-40 Total Crashes by Mile Post," p. 4-32 [PDF 51 of 210]; retrieved 2012-12-24.
  10. City of Gallup, p. IV-45 [PDF 45 of 60]; retrieved 2012-12-24.

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Hiroshi H. Miaymura at Wikimedia Commons