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Hoxne treasure

Coordinates: 52°20′N 1°11′E / 52.333°N 1.183°E / 52.333; 1.183
From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

52°20′N 1°11′E / 52.333°N 1.183°E / 52.333; 1.183

Reconstruction of the oak chest
"Juliana" inscribed bracelet.[1]
Despite being a broken-off handle from an unknown object, the silver "Hoxne Tigress" has become the best-known single piece out of over 15,000 objects in the hoard.[2]
Frontal view of the gold body chain from the Hoxne Hoard. Visible are an amethyst and four garnets; four other gems, thought to have been pearls, are missing.[3][4]

The Hoxne treasure [5][6][7] is the largest find of late Roman silver and gold in Britain,[8] and the largest collection of gold and silver coins of the fourth and fifth century found anywhere in the Roman Empire.

The treasure was found by metal detector in the village of Hoxne in Suffolk, England, on 16 November 1992. The hoard consists of 14,865 Roman gold, silver and bronze coins from the late fourth and early fifth centuries, and about 200 items of silver tableware and gold jewellery.[9]

The objects are now in the British Museum in London, where the most important pieces and a selection of the rest are on permanent display. In 1993, the Treasure Valuation Committee valued the hoard at £1.75 million (today £3.59 million).[10]

The hoard was buried as an oak box or small chest filled with items in precious metal, with some in smaller wooden boxes and others in bags or wrapped in fabric. Remnants of the chest, and of fittings such as hinges and locks, were recovered in the dig. The coins date the hoard to after AD 407, about the end of Britain as a Roman province.[11]

The owners and reasons for burial of the hoard are unknown, but it was carefully packed and the contents seem what a very rich family might have owned. The lack of large silver serving vessels and of some of the most common types of jewellery, suggest that the hoard is only part of the wealth of its owner.

The Hoxne treasure contains several rare and important objects, including a gold body-chain and silver-gilt pepper-pots. The hoard was excavated by archaeologists with the items largely undisturbed and intact. The find has helped to improve the relationship between people using metal detectors and archaeologists. It has influenced a change in English law on finds of treasure.[9]p173

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  1. British Museum collection database, "bracelet"
  2. Johns, Catherine 2010. The Hoxne late Roman treasure: gold jewellery and silver plate. British Museum Press, p61. ISBN 978-0-7141-1817-8
  3. British Museum collection database, "body chain / mount / coin".
  4. Bland, Roger & Johns, Catherine 1993. Hoxne. Current Archaeology 136, p20.
  5. Hoxne is pronounced 'Hoxen'.
  6. The treasure is often called the Hoxne hoard, a word meaning 'hidden treasure'.
  7. "The Juliana Bracelet from the Hoxne hoard". British Museum. Retrieved 19 June 2010.
  8. BBC – A history of the world – object: Hoxne pepper pot. BBC
  9. 9.0 9.1 Johns, Catherine & Bland, Roger 1994. The Hoxne late Roman treasure. Britannia 25, 169. ISSN 0068113. [1]
  10. Goodwin, Stephen (9 March 1996), Plan to extend protection for buried treasure. The Independent. [2]
  11. Birley, Anthony Richard 2005. The Roman government of Britain. Oxford University Press, p458. ISBN 978-0-19-925237-4