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Trotting impala ram, crop.jpg
Impalas (Aepyceros melampus) female and young (11421993164).jpg
A territorial impala ram (top), and ewe with calf (below)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Bovidae
Subfamily: Aepycerotinae
Gray, 1872
Genus: Aepyceros
Sundevall, 1847
A. melampus
Binomial name
Aepyceros melampus
(Lichtenstein, 1812)
  • A. m. melampus Lichtenstein, 1812
  • A. m. petersi Bocage, 1879
Aepyceros melampus.svg
  Black-faced impala
  Common impala
  • A. holubi Lorenz, 1894
  • A. johnstoni Thomas, 1893
  • A. katangae Lönnberg, 1914
  • A. pallah (Gervais, 1841)
  • A. rendilis Lönnberg, 1912
  • A. typicus Thomas, 1893
Female Black-faced Impala at water hole
Male impala lock horns in mating-season fight

The impala (Aepyceros melampus) is a medium-sized African antelope. The name "impala" comes from the Zulu language.

Description[change | change source]

The impala is reddish-brown with white hair inside the ears, over each eye and on the chin, upper throat, underparts and buttocks. A narrow black line runs along the middle of the lower back to the tail, and a vertical black stripe appears on the back of each thigh. Impalas have unique brushlike tufts of black hair that cover a scent gland located just above the heel on each hind leg.

The impala can jump more than 10 meters distance and 3 meters high, and can reach running speeds of about 80 to 90 km/h, to escape from predators.

Habitat[change | change source]

Impalas are found at grassland and woodland edges, usually very close by water.

References[change | change source]

  1. IUCN SSC Antelope Specialist Group (2016). "Aepyceros melampus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e.T550A50180828. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-2.RLTS.T550A50180828.en. Archived from the original on 3 May 2019. Retrieved 4 January 2017.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)