Indo-Pakistani War of 1965

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Destroyed M4A1 Sherman tank during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965

The Indo-Pakistani Fight of 1965 was a culmination of skirmishes that took place between April 1965 and September 1965 between Islamic Republic of Pakistan and the Republic of India. This conflict became known as the Second Kashmir War fought by India and Pakistan over the disputed Himalayan region of Kashmir, the first having been fought in 1947. The war began following Pakistan's Operation Gibraltar, which was designed to infiltrate forces into Indian-held Jammu and Kashmir to precipitate an insurgency against illegal rule by India.[1] The five-week war caused thousands of casualties on both sides. It ended in a United Nations (UN) mandated ceasefire.

War Detail[change | change source]

Midnight of 6 september, India crossed the international border between India and Pakistan and attacked Lahore and Kasur. Pakistan Army and Air Force prepared for war in a hurry and started attacks on India. The attacks also started in the areas of Jammu and Kashmir. The war was fought on in the border till 22 September when India asked for ceasefire in the United Nations. On 8 September, Pakistani pilot Muhammad Mehmood Alam (M.M.Alam) shot down five indian jets in less than a minute and held the record.[2]

The war affected a lot of people and the thousands of Indian families had to leave their house and belongings and move to safer areas.[3]

Who won the war?[change | change source]

It has been a real confusion on who won the war. Both nations believe it has been won by them but no one is sure who really won the war.

India won the war[change | change source]

Indians believe they won the war because they occupied 690 sq km while Pakistan occupied only 250 sq km in Kashmir and Rajasthan. The Indian army also 3,800 pakistanis and Pakistana army killed 3,000 indian soldiers.[4]

Pakistan won the war[change | change source]

Most people believe that Pakistan is victorious because Indian Army accepted defeat and asked the United Nations for ceasefire. In Pakistan, it is celebrated as a public holiday known as Defense Day on September 22.

Records and Achievements[change | change source]

  • M.M.Alam of Pakistan Army shot five Indian jets in less than a minute.
  • The war was the second largest tank battle since World War 2.

References[change | change source]

  1. Chandigarh, India – Main News. Tribuneindia.com. Retrieved on 2011-04-14.
  2. "1965 War". www.pakistanarmy.gov.pk. Retrieved 2018-01-04. 
  3. "Everything You Need To Know About The 1965 Indo Pak War". indiatimes.com. Retrieved 2018-01-04. 
  4. "Who Really Won the India-Pakistan 1965 War?". The Quint. Retrieved 2018-01-04.