Inner transition metal

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Periodic Table. The inner transition metals are shown in two rows at the bottom, in pink and purple

An inner transition metal (ITM) is one of a group of chemical elements on the periodic table. They are normally shown in two rows below all the other elements. They include elements 57-71 (lanthanides) and 89-103 (actinides). The lanthanides are very similar, and the actinides are all radioactive.

ITMs have three complete outermost electron shells and are all metals. In some cases they are quite malleable and ductile. Many lanthanides such as Lutetium are used in the lighting industry. They do not occur in nature (except for the lanthanides thorium and uranium), and are highly unstable.