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Institutional racism

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Institutional racism is a form of racism that are in social institutions. It is also called systemic racism because it is in the systems that make up society. People usually think of racism as being thoughts of hate and prejudice against other races, but institutional racism means that those feelings are present in the ways people interact with each other.[1]

Institutional racism is not new, but the term is. It was invented by civil rights leaders Stokely Carmichael and Charles V. Hamilton.[2]

North America

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United States

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Institutional racism is a huge issue in the US.

In the past, Black Americans were not allowed to live in certain neighborhoods. For example, banks would not give them loans to live in the same neighborhoods as white people. As a result, many Black people now live in places that have high rates of poverty and lack of access to resources like parks and good schools.


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  1. Mandavilli, Apoorva (April 2003). "Troubled times force old pharma to learn new tricks". Nature Medicine. 9 (4): 379. doi:10.1038/nm0403-379a. ISSN 1078-8956. PMID 12669047. S2CID 5300806.
  2. Bhavnani, Reena (2005). Tackling the roots of racism : lessons for success. Heidi Safia Mirza, Veena Meetoo, Joseph Rowntree Foundation. Bristol, UK: Policy Press. ISBN 1-86134-774-X. OCLC 61302817.