# Inverse element

The inverse element is the opposite of a number or equation. The inverses of ${\displaystyle x}$ in addition is ${\displaystyle -x}$ (called the additive inverse), and ${\displaystyle {\tfrac {1}{x}}}$ or ${\displaystyle x^{-1}}$ in multiplication (called the multiplicative inverse, or reciprocal).[1][2]
In general, given an element g in a group S equipped with an operation ${\displaystyle \circ }$, an inverse element of g is an element g* such that ${\displaystyle g\circ g^{*}}$ and ${\displaystyle g^{*}\circ g}$ are both equal to the identity element (of the group). Other examples of inverse include inverse function and matrix inverse.