Jean Iris Murdoch (or Iris Murdoch; 15 July 1919 – 8 February 1999) was an Irish-born British author. Her novels were about good and evil, sexual relationships and the power of the unconscious. Her first book, Under the Net, was released in 1954 and became a classic. Her other memorable books include The Black Prince and The Sea, the Sea. Both of those books were about eroticism and love. In 1987, she was made a Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire.