J. Edgar Hoover
|J. Edgar Hoover|
|J. Edgar Hoover in September 1961|
|1st Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation|
March 22, 1935 – May 2, 1972
|President||Franklin D. Roosevelt
Harry S. Truman
Dwight D. Eisenhower
John F. Kennedy
Lyndon B. Johnson
|Preceded by||Office created (was BOI director)|
|Succeeded by||L. Patrick Gray (Acting)|
|6th Director of the Bureau of Investigation|
May 10, 1924 – March 22, 1935
Franklin D. Roosevelt
|Preceded by||William J. Burns|
|Succeeded by||Himself (as FBI Director)|
|Born||John Edgar Hoover
January 1, 1895
|Died||May 2, 1972
|Alma mater||George Washington University|
John Edgar Hoover (January 1, 1895 – May 2, 1972) was an American politician. He was the first Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) of the United States. He was chosen as director of the Bureau of Investigation because he helped start it. He was the director until his death in 1972 at age 77.
According to President Harry S Truman, Hoover transformed the FBI into his private secret police force. Truman stated that "we want no Gestapo or secret police. FBI is tending in that direction. They are dabbling in sex-life scandals and plain blackmail. J. Edgar Hoover would give his right eye to take over, and all congressmen and senators are afraid of him".
References[change | change source]
- Anthony Summers, "The secret life of J Edgar Hoover, The Guardian, Sunday January 1 2012
- "Under-age lovers, transvestite tendencies and a porn stash - featuring Joan Crawford: New book exposes secret world of J. Edgar Hoover". Daily Mail.Uk.com. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2098423/J-Edgar-Hoover-New-book-exposes-secret-world-FBI-Director.html. Retrieved September 7, 2013.
- "J. Edgar Hoover", Microsoft Encarta Online Encyclopedia. Microsoft Corporation. 2008. Archived from the original on October 31, 2009. http://www.webcitation.org/5kwrg7R6c.
- "J. Edgar Hoover: Gay marriage role model?". Salon. http://www.salon.com/health/sex/urge/world/2000/01/05/hoover/. Retrieved November 14, 2008.
- 'Gay' Probe of LBJ Aide by Washington Associated Press at NY Post newspaper February 20, 2009
- Graham, Fred P. (May 3, 1972). "J. Edgar Hoover, 77, Dies". New York Times. http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=FB0910FC3F5F117B93C1A9178ED85F468785F9&. Retrieved March 15, 2011.
Other websites[change | change source]
- StraightDope.com – 'The Straight Dope: Was J. Edgar Hoover a crossdresser?'
- FBI file on J. Edgar Hoover
- J. Edgar Hoover Appointment and Phone Logs
- Time.com – 'The Truth about Hoover', December 22, 1975
- Wall Street Journal – 'Hoover's Institution', Laurence H. Silberman, July 20, 2005
- Assassination Records Review Board – Final Report: 1998
- Zpub.com – 'J. Edgar Hoover Biography'
- J. Edgar Hoover's Watching You – slideshow by Life magazine
- Yardley, Jonathan (June 26, 2004). "'No Left Turns': The G-Man's Tour de Force". A review of the book "No Left Turns" (Washington Post). http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A7055-2004Jun25.html. Retrieved May 5, 2010.