Jan Mayensfield

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Jan Mayensfield
Summary
Airport typeMilitary
OperatorNorwegian Armed Forces
LocationOlonkinbyen, Jan Mayen, Norway
Elevation AMSL39 ft / 12 m
Coordinates70°57′40″N 008°34′33″W / 70.96111°N 8.57583°W / 70.96111; -8.57583Coordinates: 70°57′40″N 008°34′33″W / 70.96111°N 8.57583°W / 70.96111; -8.57583
Map
ENJA is located in Europe
ENJA
ENJA
Location on a map of Europe
Location on a map of the Arctic
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Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
06–24 1,500 4,921 Dirt


Jan Mayensfield ((ICAO: ENJA)) is an aerodrome or airfield) in Jan Mayen, Norway. It is run by the Norwegian Armed Forces. The aerodrome serves both the civilians and the military on the island. The airfield was opened in 1960.[1][2] The runway is made of dirt and is 1,500-meter (4,921 ft) long. The runway is labeled 06-24.

Eight times a year, a Lockheed C-130 Hercules from the 335 Squadron from Bodø Main Air Station[3] brings supplies and new people. Landing safely can be difficult because the volcano nearby called Beerenberg causes wind vortexes.

History[change | change source]

The airfield was made by the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the Norwegian Armed Forces. They started to work on the airfield in 1958. To make the work easier, the workers made the runway from a 1,200 by 30 metres (3,937 by 98 ft) existing dirt road. The first airplane to land at the airfield was a Consolidated PBY Catalina on September 17, 1960.

The first non-military aircraft to land at the airfield was a Douglas DC-4 which brought journalists on October 29, 1961.[1] Grumman HU-16 Albatrosses and the Douglas DC-6s have also landed at the airfield.[4] The airfield was named after movie star Jayne Mansfield as a joke, but the name stuck.[5]

In 1970, the volcano called Beerenberg erupted and all the people were evacuated. A C-130 was sent to the island to get the people and was able to land on the dirt runway. More and more supplies were delivered by aircraft after that. Most supplies were delivered by ship.[1]

Facts[change | change source]

The C-130 from the Royal Norwegian Air Force visits the island only eight times a year.[3][6] The runway is not open for regular commercial use.[7] The runway can be used for research and search and rescue.[4]

The dirt runway is 1,500 by 30 meters (4,921 by 98 ft). One end of the runway points to 060 degrees on a compass and the other end points to 240 degrees.[8]

Map which includes the location of the airfield

The Jan Mayensfield airdrome's weather can change a lot. It is often foggy. Kármán vortexes can make the winds quickly change direction.

Accidents[change | change source]

IN 1991, a C-130 aircraft almost crashed after take off due to the wind shifting.[4]

A World War II plane crashed near where the airfield was built.[9]


References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Barr (1991): 245
  2. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-10-14. Retrieved 2015-11-11.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Gamle, men gode transportfly" (in Norwegian). Norwegian Armed Forces. 31 October 2002. Archived from the original on 23 April 2004. Retrieved 10 September 2010.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "Airfield" (in Norwegian). Jan-Mayen.no. 9 April 2006. Archived from the original on 4 March 2012. Retrieved 4 March 2012.
  5. http://www.jan-mayen.no/loran/axelfaye.htm
  6. "Jan Mayens historie" (in Norwegian). County Governor of Nordland. 1 June 2007. Archived from the original on 9 October 2012. Retrieved 9 October 2012.
  7. "How to visit Jan Mayen" (in Norwegian). Jan-Mayen.no. 9 October 2006. Archived from the original on 9 October 2012. Retrieved 9 October 2012.
  8. "Jan Mayen, Jan Mayensfield" (in Norwegian). Norske Flyplasser. Retrieved 9 October 2012.
  9. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-10-04. Retrieved 2012-07-11.